Louise L Clark

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Using AIDS Initial Assessment questionnaire (AIA) data from 353 injection drug users (IDUs) newly admitted to methadone maintenance (MM), three dimensions of injection risk behavior ("sharing with sexual partner," "sharing with others," and "new needle use") were identified. Among IDUs who continued to inject drugs at 1 year, men retained in treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports have highlighted the poor quality of health care received by people with intellectual disabilities (otherwise known as 'learning disabilities') in the United Kingdom (UK). UK Confidential Enquiries into maternal deaths have highlighted adverse pregnancy outcomes for women with intellectual disabilities and need for timely and(More)
This study sought to identify differences within injection drug using (IDU) couples in reporting of sexual and needle risk behavior. Subjects were thirty-nine heterosexual couples entering methadone maintenance. In 33.3% of couples, one member reported sharing needles while the other member reported no sharing. In 12.9% of couples, one member reported(More)
People with intellectual impairments are treated within the mainstream NHS including primary care with little support from specialist services. There are communication issues for primary care staff in relation to access of services and the assessment of health needs for this vulnerable group of individuals. Primary care staff do not always feel equipped to(More)
The rate of breast-feeding in the first 3 months post partum was studied in a group of 456 mothers. At 3 months 58% had been or still were breast-feeding their infants. The mothers who breast-fed were older, had a higher level of education, had a higher socioeconomic status, and were more likely to live on farms or in small towns, to have attended prenatal(More)
In the light of ongoing service developments and government legislation it is important that preregistration nurses from all branches have the opportunity to develop their confidence and skills in the care of people who have learning disabilities. This article outlines the development of strategies employed by one institute of higher education in order to(More)
Current Government health policy is moving towards the delivery of services for clients with a learning disability through mainstream primary care services. At present there are difficulties in providing health services that meet the needs of clients. These include lack of resources (financial, physical and human), time and expertise. Yet clients with(More)