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"Landscape approaches" seek to provide tools and concepts for allocating and managing land to achieve social, economic, and environmental objectives in areas where agriculture, mining, and other productive land uses compete with environmental and biodiversity goals. Here we synthesize the current consensus on landscape approaches. This is based on published(More)
R15 is a large identified neuron present in the abdominal ganglion of the mollusc Aplysia. Previous studies have indicated that this neuron may play a role in water balance and possibly renovascular functions. A peptidic factor contained in the neuron R15 has been shown to increase the water content of Aplysia. To determine the structure of the peptides(More)
To address the twin pressures of land degradation and climate change in communities of agriculturalists, agro-pastoralists and pastoralists who are vulnerable to acute and chronic food and livelihood insecurity, we review emerging resilience approaches to agricultural development and present a resilience framework for agriculture and resource management at(More)
In the Luangwa Valley, Zambia, persistent poverty and hunger present linked challenges to rural development and biodiversity conservation. Both household coping strategies and larger-scale economic development efforts have caused severe natural resource degradation that limits future economic opportunities and endangers ecosystem services. A model based on(More)
Acknowledgements The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) is a strategic partnership of the CGIAR and the Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP). CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food secure future. The views expressed in this document cannot be taken to reflect the official opinions of these agencies,(More)
The mRNA precursor encoded by the R15 gene is alternatively spliced in different neurons to form two related variants, R15-1 and R15-2 mRNA. One of the peptides encoded by the R15-2 mRNA, the R15 alpha 1 peptide, is expressed in the endogenously bursting neuron R15 and mediates some of its central and peripheral synaptic actions. In this study we found that(More)
Introduction Through applied research, we seek to support New York maple syrup producers and enhance forest conservation through entrepreneurship, professionalization of the maple sector and public policy innovation. Little is known about the structure of the maple industry, the demographics of who is engaged, the variety of enterprise types and business(More)
Integrated landscape initiatives typically aim to strengthen landscape governance by developing and facilitating multi-stakeholder platforms. These are institutional coordination mechanisms that enable discussions, negotiations, and joint planning between stakeholders from various sectors in a given landscape. Multi-stakeholder platforms tend to involve(More)