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The transient receptor potential melastatin-related channel 2 (TRPM2) is a nonselective cation channel, whose prolonged activation by oxidative and nitrative agents leads to cell death. Here, we show that the drug puromycin selectively targets TRPM2-expressing cells, leading to cell death. Our data suggest that the silent information regulator 2 (Sir2 or(More)
Angiotensin II (ATII) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) are two vasoconstrictors implicated in the maintenance of normal vascular homeostasis. PDGF A-chain levels increase in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) exposed to ATII. The molecular mechanisms underlying this induction are not known. We used transient transfection analysis to show(More)
The regulatory mechanisms mediating basal and inducible platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-A expression have been the focus of intense recent investigation, but repression of PDGF-A expression is largely unexplored. Here we isolated a nuclear factor that interacts with the proximal region of the PDGF-A promoter using bulk binding assays and(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a broadly expressed mitogenic and chemotactic factor with diverse roles in a number of physiologic and pathologic settings. The zinc finger transcription factors Sp1, Sp3 and Egr-1 bind to overlapping elements in the proximal PDGF B-chain promoter and activate transcription of this gene. The anthracycline nogalamycin(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) B-chain gene is differentially expressed in smooth muscle cells (SMCs) derived from the rat aortic wall. SMCs cultured from two week-old rats (pups) express high levels of PDGF-B mRNA, whereas cells isolated from three month-old rats (adults) express low levels of PDGF-B. Nuclear run-off experiments indicate that(More)
The Sir2 family of NAD(+)-dependent histone/protein deacetylases has been implicated in a wide range of biological activities, including gene silencing, life span extension, and chromosomal stability. Recent evidence has indicated that these proteins produce a novel metabolite O-acetyl-ADP-ribose (OAADPr) during deacetylation. Cellular studies have(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a mitogen and chemoattractant for a wide variety of cell types. The genes encoding PDGF A chain (PDGF-A) and PDGF B chain (PDGF-B) reside on separate chromosomes and are independently regulated at the level of transcription. Regulatory events underlying inducible PDGF-A expression have been the focus of much(More)
The JNK group (for c-Jun N-terminal kinase) of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAP kinases) is activated in cells in response to environmental stress and cytokines. Activation of JNK is the result of dual phosphorylation by specific upstream kinases which phosphorylate the TxY motif. Much less is known concerning the down-regulation by protein(More)
VHL is the causative gene for von Hippel-Lindau disease and sporadic clear cell renal cancer. It has been shown that pVHL can suppress the expression of certain genes that are overexpressed in renal carcinomas. One such gene is that encoding the potent mitogen and chemoattractant, platelet-derived growth factor B-chain (PDGF-B). The regulatory mechanisms(More)
DNA exchange in bacteria via conjugative plasmids is believed to be among the most important contributing factors to the rapid evolution- and diversification rates observed in bacterial species. The IncX1 plasmids are particularly interesting in relation to enteric bacteria, and typically carry genetic loads like antibiotic resistance genes and virulence(More)