Learn More
BACKGROUND NSCLC exhibits considerable heterogeneity in its sensitivity to chemotherapy and similar heterogeneity is noted in vitro in a variety of model systems. This study has tested the hypothesis that the molecular basis of the observed in vitro chemosensitivity of NSCLC lies within the known resistance mechanisms inherent to these patients' tumors. (More)
Advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) has a poor prognosis with a 5-year survival of only 5% despite treatment with chemotherapeutic agents. Response rate and overall survival varies little between the commonly used single agents, although combinations achieve better outcomes. It is well established that considerable heterogeneity exists between cancers of the(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy benefits relatively few patients with cutaneous melanoma. The assessment of tumour chemosensitivity by the ATP-based tumour chemosensitivity assay (ATP-TCA) has shown strong correlation with outcome in cutaneous melanoma, but requires fresh tissue and dedicated laboratory facilities. AIM To examine whether the results of the(More)
A mosaic marker chromosome was observed in 2 generations. Multiple staining techniques identified it as an inverted duplication of chromosome 15 (inv dup 15) derived from the paternal grandmother. Although this inv dup 15 included a central R band, there was no noticeable phenotypic effect.
There are conflicting reports on the frequency in retinoblastoma tumor cells of aberrations involving chromosome No. 13. To quantitate the frequency of various chromosome aberrations, we analyzed the karyotypes from the retinoblastoma tumors; all tumors contained chromosome abnormalities. Chromosome No. 13 was altered in only two tumors, but the aberrations(More)
Previous data suggest that lipophilic statins such as fluvastatin and N-bisphosphonates such as zoledronic acid, both inhibitors of the mevalonate metabolic pathway, have anti-cancer effects in vitro and in patients. We have examined the effect of fluvastatin alone and in combination with zoledronic acid in the ATP-based tumour chemosensitivity assay(More)
BACKGROUND We wished to evaluate the clinical response following ATP-Tumor Chemosensitivity Assay (ATP-TCA) directed salvage chemotherapy in a series of UK patients with advanced ovarian cancer. The results are compared with that of a similar assay used in a different country in terms of evaluability and clinical endpoints. METHODS From November 1998 to(More)
The patient presented with the typical features of Down syndrome; hypotonia, brachycephaly, flattened occiput, bilateral prominent medical epicanthic folds, flat nasal bridge, protruding tongue, low-set dysplastic ears, short broad hands, bilateral clinodactyly and simian crease. The karyotype of this child was originally reported as normal. High-resolution(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor resistance to chemotherapy may be present at the beginning of treatment, develop during treatment, or become apparent on re-treatment of the patient. The mechanisms involved are usually inferred from experiments with cell lines, as studies in tumor-derived cells are difficult. Studies of human tumors show that cells adapt to chemotherapy,(More)
Pericentric inversion of the chromosome 9, inv(9)(p11q13), is such a common occurrence that some cytogeneticists would consider them as normal variants. The incidence is said to be about 1% to 1.65% in the general population. Despite being categorised as a minor chromosomal rearrangement which does not correlate with abnormal phenotypes, many reports in the(More)