Louis S. Kidder

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The aim of this study was to characterize a new model of chronic osteomyelitis with clinically relevant features. A segmental defect of critical size was surgically created in the rat femur, stabilized with a polyacetyl plate and Kirschner wires, and contaminated with bacteria. The animals were allowed to recover while the contamination progressed to a(More)
Fibroblast-like rat marrow stromal cell (CFU-F) cultures have been characterized in terms of their responsiveness to calciotropic hormones, metal ions, the nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug, and by their putative paracrine role in the maintenance of active populations of osteoblasts at the marrow-bone interface. These studies indicate that CFU-Fs lack a(More)
Diamagnetic samples placed in a strong magnetic field and a magnetic field gradient experience a magnetic force. Stable magnetic levitation occurs when the magnetic force exactly counter balances the gravitational force. Under this condition, a diamagnetic sample is in a simulated microgravity environment. The purpose of this study is to explore if MC3T3-E1(More)
BACKGROUND The functional components of bone marrow (i.e., the hematopoietic and stromal populations) and the adjacent bone have traditionally been evaluated incompletely as distinct entities rather than the integrated system. We perturbed this system in vivo using a medically relevant radiation model in the presence or absence of ovarian function to(More)
Type I diabetes mellitus inhibits fracture healing and leads to an increase in complications. As a pilot study, we used a closed fracture model in the diabetic rat to address the question of whether osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) in a collagen carrier can overcome this inhibition by increasing the area of the newly mineralized callus and femoral torque to(More)
Glucocorticoids inhibit bone remodeling and fracture healing. We sought to determine whether osteogenic protein 1 (OP-1) can overcome this inhibition in a closed fracture model in the rat. Time-released prednisolone or placebo pellets were implanted subcutaneously; closed femoral fractures were created 2 weeks later in rats. Fractures received sham, OP-1(More)
Islet transplantation is emerging as a promising treatment for patients with type 1 diabetes. It is important to maximize viable islet yield for each organ due to scarcity of suitable human donor pancreata, high cost, and the large dose of islets required for insulin independence. However, organ transport for 8 hours using the two-layer method (TLM)(More)
The goal of this study was to use a segmental defect model in the rat femur to determine if osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) is capable of inducing bone formation in the presence of bacterial contamination. A 6 mm segmental defect was surgically created and stabilized with a polyacetyl plate and Kirschner wires in one femur in each of 126 Sprague-Dawley rats.(More)
A study of the association between the rate of proliferation of marrow fibroblast-like stromal cells (in vitro) and the rate of endosteal bone mineralization (EsMR) (in vivo) was undertaken in an osteopenic rat model. We report than 200 g male rats treated with cortisone acetate (5 mg/day for 7 days) exhibit decreases in marrow fibroblast colony-forming(More)
BACKGROUND Paramagnetic microparticles (MPs) may be useful in pancreatic islet purification, in particular purification of porcine islets as a potential xenotransplantation product. We assessed whether MPs affect islet function or induce an adverse effect following implantation. METHODS Porcine islets were co-cultured with 0, 500, and 1500 MPs per islet(More)