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BACKGROUND The incidence of vitamin D deficiency is unclear in the context of continuing demographic changes and the introduction of new public health measures. METHODS All cases in which vitamin D deficiency was suspected as the primary cause of the clinical presentation were studied. RESULTS Between 2002 and 2008, 160 cases of symptomatic vitamin D(More)
Flocks of Laguerre planes, generalized quadrangles, translation planes, ovals, BLT-sets, and the deep connections between them, are at the core of a developing theory in the area of geometry over finite fields. Examples are rare in the case of characteristic two, and it is the purpose of this paper to contribute a fifth infinite family. The approach taken(More)
AIMS To describe acid-base derangements in children following open cardiac surgery on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), using the Fencl-Stewart strong ion approach. METHODS Prospective observational study set in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a university children's hospital. Arterial blood gas parameters, serum electrolytes, strong ion(More)
BACKGROUND It is believed that hypoalbuminaemia confounds interpretation of the anion gap (AG) unless corrected for serum albumin in critically ill children with shock. AIM To compare the ability of the AG and the albumin corrected anion gap (CAG) to detect the presence of occult tissue anions. METHODS Prospective observational study in children with(More)
A 9-year-old child presented with documented organophosphate insecticide poisoning. His course was initially complicated by a tachyarrhythmia with QT-interval prolongation that responded promptly to intravenous magnesium. However, following partial recovery, he developed progressive acute respiratory distress syndrome characterized by irreversible fibrosis(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the course of an evolving adenovirus outbreak in a multidisciplinary children's hospital with a high-risk patient population. METHODS Observational study in a 280-bed university hospital during June 2002. Active case finding identified children with adenovirus infection. Data are median (interquartile range) or n (%). Adenovirus(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the short-term outcome of critically ill HIV-infected children with access to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in a developing region. METHODS Prospective observational study conducted in a paediatric teaching hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. All children admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with(More)
T he safety of balanced electrolyte polyethylene glycol (PEG) solutions has been documented in children. 1 2 We describe a previously well child who developed fulminant pulmonary oedema after treatment with Golytely (Braintree Laboratories, Braintree, USA). The 5 year old boy was electively admitted for treatment of constipation. A nasogastric tube (NGT)(More)
A 3-month prospective study was undertaken to determine the factors which contribute to a baby being born before arrival (BBA) of the mother at hospital. The majority of the mothers of such babies were Black and lived in peri-urban areas of Cape Town. They were of higher parity, had experienced fewer complications during pregnancy, had shorter labours and(More)
AIMS To document the patterns of presentation and outcome of severe anticholinesterase insecticide poisoning in children requiring intensive care. METHODS Retrospective case note review of all 5541 children admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a university hospital during the 10 years from January 1990 to May 2000. Fifty four children(More)