Louis Puybasset

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OBJECTIVE Probing consciousness in noncommunicating patients is a major medical and neuroscientific challenge. While standardized and expert behavioral assessment of patients constitutes a mandatory step, this clinical evaluation stage is often difficult and doubtful, and calls for complementary measures which may overcome its inherent limitations. Several(More)
Objective: To compare the computed tomographic (CT) analysis of the distribution of gas and tissue in the lungs of patients with ARDS with that in healthy volunteers. Design: Prospective study over a 53-month period.¶Setting: Fourteen-bed surgical intensive care unit of a university hospital. Patients and participants: Seventy-one consecutive patients with(More)
Computed tomography (CT) assessment of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP)-induced alveolar recruitment is classically achieved by quantifying the decrease in nonaerated lung parenchyma on a single juxtadiaphragmatic section (Gattinoni's method). This approach ignores the alveolar recruitment occurring in poorly aerated lung areas and may not reflect(More)
Measurement of respiratory compliance is advocated for assessing the severity of acute respiratory failure (ARF). Recently, the administration of an automated constant flow of 15 L/min was proposed as a method easier to implement at the bedside than supersyringe or inspiratory occlusions methods. However, pressure-volume (P-V) curves were shifted to the(More)
OBJECTIVE This review aims to show how computed tomography of the whole lung has modified our view of acute respiratory distress syndrome, and why it impacts on the optimization of the ventilatory strategy. DATA SOURCES Computed tomography allows an accurate assessment of the volumes of gas and lung tissue, respectively, and lung aeration. If computed(More)
To determine the dose-response curve of inhaled nitric oxide (NO) in terms of pulmonary vasodilation and improvement in PaO2 in adults with severe acute respiratory failure. Prospective randomized study. A 14-bed ICU in a teaching hospital. 6 critically ill patients with severe acute respiratory failure (lung injury severity score ≥2.5) and pulmonary(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral vasospasm remains a major problem in patients recovering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage despite advances in medical, surgical, and endovascular care. Our purpose was to assess the efficacy of intra-arterial nimodipine, a calcium-channel blocker acting mainly on cerebral vessels, in preventing delayed neurologic(More)
Objective. The purpose of this study was to test if a reduction of external ventricular drains (EVD) related ventriculitis could be achieved by a strict protocol of care and if protocol violation was associated with a higher incidence of EVD-related ventriculitis. Methods. A written protocol for EVD insertion, nursing and surveillance was implemented. A(More)
The lobar and cephalocaudal distribution of aerated and nonaerated lung and of PEEP-induced alveolar recruitment is unknown in acute lung injury (ALI). Dimensions of the lungs and volumes of aerated and nonaerated parts of each pulmonary lobe were measured using a computerized tomographic quantitative analysis and compared between 21 patients with ALI and(More)
The aim of this study was to assess positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP)-induced lung overdistension and alveolar recruitment in six patients with acute lung injury (ALI) using a computed tomographic (CT) scan method. Lung overdistension was first determined in six healthy volunteers in whom CT sections were obtained at FRC and at TLC with a positive(More)