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The status of comatose patient is currently established on the basis of the patient-exhibited behaviors. Clinical assessment is subjective and, in 40% of patients, fails to distinguish vegetative state (VS) from minimally conscious states (MCS). The technologic advances of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have dramatically improved our understanding of(More)
OBJECTIVE Probing consciousness in noncommunicating patients is a major medical and neuroscientific challenge. While standardized and expert behavioral assessment of patients constitutes a mandatory step, this clinical evaluation stage is often difficult and doubtful, and calls for complementary measures which may overcome its inherent limitations. Several(More)
Improving our ability to detect conscious processing in non communicating patients remains a major goal of clinical cognitive neurosciences. In this perspective, several functional brain imaging tools are currently under development. Bedside cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs) derived from the EEG signal are a good candidate to explore consciousness(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral vasospasm remains a major problem in patients recovering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage despite advances in medical, surgical, and endovascular care. Our purpose was to assess the efficacy of intra-arterial nimodipine, a calcium-channel blocker acting mainly on cerebral vessels, in preventing delayed neurologic(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to test if a reduction of external ventricular drains (EVD) related ventriculitis could be achieved by a strict protocol of care and if protocol violation was associated with a higher incidence of EVD-related ventriculitis. METHODS A written protocol for EVD insertion, nursing and surveillance was implemented. A(More)
BACKGROUND Computed tomography DICOM images analysis allows a quantitative measurement of organ weight, volume and specific gravity in humans. METHODS The brain weight, volume and specific gravity of 15 traumatic brain-injury patients (3+/-2 days after trauma) were computed using a specially designed software (BrainView). Data were compared with those(More)
The early prediction of consciousness recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI) is crucial to make decisions about the appropriate use of prolonged intensive care. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been proposed as a biomarker of white matter injury that could be used in a classification purpose. Instead of region-of-interest-based approach, we applied(More)
Progress in management of critically ill neurological patients has led to improved survival rates. However, severe residual neurological impairment, such as persistent coma, occurs in some survivors. This raises concerns about whether it is ethically appropriate to apply aggressive care routinely, which is also associated with burdensome long-term(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate incidence and risk factors of postoperative infections, with emphasis on antibiotic prophylaxis, in a series of 4578 craniotomies. A prospective database was implemented for surveillance of postcraniotomy infections. During period A, no antibiotic prophylaxis was prescribed for scheduled, clean craniotomies,(More)