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The status of comatose patient is currently established on the basis of the patient-exhibited behaviors. Clinical assessment is subjective and, in 40% of patients, fails to distinguish vegetative state (VS) from minimally conscious states (MCS). The technologic advances of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have dramatically improved our understanding of(More)
OBJECTIVE Probing consciousness in noncommunicating patients is a major medical and neuroscientific challenge. While standardized and expert behavioral assessment of patients constitutes a mandatory step, this clinical evaluation stage is often difficult and doubtful, and calls for complementary measures which may overcome its inherent limitations. Several(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral vasospasm remains a major problem in patients recovering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage despite advances in medical, surgical, and endovascular care. Our purpose was to assess the efficacy of intra-arterial nimodipine, a calcium-channel blocker acting mainly on cerebral vessels, in preventing delayed neurologic(More)
The lobar and cephalocaudal distribution of aerated and nonaerated lung and of PEEP-induced alveolar recruitment is unknown in acute lung injury (ALI). Dimensions of the lungs and volumes of aerated and nonaerated parts of each pulmonary lobe were measured using a computerized tomographic quantitative analysis and compared between 21 patients with ALI and(More)
Improving our ability to detect conscious processing in non communicating patients remains a major goal of clinical cognitive neurosciences. In this perspective, several functional brain imaging tools are currently under development. Bedside cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs) derived from the EEG signal are a good candidate to explore consciousness(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt procedures have dramatically reduced the morbidity and mortality rates associated with hydrocephalus. However, despite improvements in materials, devices, and surgical techniques, shunt failure and complications remain common and may require multiple surgical procedures. OBJECTIVE To evaluate CSF shunt(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study is to test whether multimodal magnetic resonance imaging can provide a reliable outcome prediction of the clinical status, focusing on consciousness at 1 year after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN Single center prospective cohort with consecutive inclusions. SETTING Critical Care Neurosurgical Unit of a(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to test if a reduction of external ventricular drains (EVD) related ventriculitis could be achieved by a strict protocol of care and if protocol violation was associated with a higher incidence of EVD-related ventriculitis. METHODS A written protocol for EVD insertion, nursing and surveillance was implemented. A(More)
The aim of this study was to assess positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP)-induced lung overdistension and alveolar recruitment in six patients with acute lung injury (ALI) using a computed tomographic (CT) scan method. Lung overdistension was first determined in six healthy volunteers in whom CT sections were obtained at FRC and at TLC with a positive(More)
BACKGROUND Computed tomography DICOM images analysis allows a quantitative measurement of organ weight, volume and specific gravity in humans. METHODS The brain weight, volume and specific gravity of 15 traumatic brain-injury patients (3+/-2 days after trauma) were computed using a specially designed software (BrainView). Data were compared with those(More)