Louis Philippe Fortier

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During the Circumpolar Flaw Lead System Study (CFL, 2007–2008), large aggregations of polar cod were detected in winter in the Amundsen Gulf (Western Canadian Arctic) using the EK60 echosounder of the CCGS Amundsen research icebreaker. Biomass estimated over 10 months reached a maximum of 0.732 kg m−2 in February. Aggregations were encountered only in the(More)
Faecal pellet production (FPP) and respiration rates of Calanus glacialis, C. hyperboreus and Metridia longa were measured under land-fast ice in the southeastern Beaufort Sea during the winter–spring transition (March–May 2004) prior to the phytoplankton spring bloom. Despite different overwintering and life cycle strategies and remaining low(More)
The winter/spring vertical distributions of polar cod, copepods, and ringed seal were monitored at a 230-m station in ice-covered Franklin Bay. In daytime, polar cod of all sizes (7–95 g) formed a dense aggregation in the deep inverse thermocline (160–230 m, −1.0 to 0°C). From December (polar night) to April (18-h daylight), small polar cod <25 g migrated(More)
The offshore marine ecosystem of the Canadian Beaufort Sea faces the double pressure of climate change and industrialization. Polar cod (Boreogadus saida) is a pivotal forage species in this ecosystem, accounting for 95 % of the pelagic fish assemblage. Its vertical distribution over the annual cycle remains poorly documented. Hydroacoustic records from(More)
Surface concentrations and vertical fluxes of particulate organic carbon (POC) were assessed in the Amundsen Gulf (southeastern Beaufort Sea, Arctic Ocean) over the years 2004 to 2006 by using ocean color remote-sensing imagery and sequential sediment traps moored over the ca. 400m isobath. Environmental conditions (sea ice, wind) and oceanographic(More)
Regional variability in the annual fluxes of particulate organic carbon (POC) and biogenic silica (Si) at the periphery of the Mackenzie Shelf (Beaufort Sea) was investigated using eight long-term sediment traps moored at ~100-m depth. Relatively high autochthonous POC and Si fluxes were recorded in the Mackenzie Trough (4.1 and 8.9 g m−2 year−1(More)
The early life stages of Boreogadus saida and Arctogadus glacialis are morphologically similar, making it difficult to assess differences in their ecological niche. The present study documented for the first time the early life stage ecology of A. glacialis, compared it to that of B. saida, and identified the factors separating the niches of the two(More)
Time-series sediment traps were deployed at six mooring sites in the southeastern Beaufort Sea from October 2003 to August 2004 during the cruise of the Canadian research vessel Amundsen within the framework of the Canadian Arctic Shelf Exchange Study (CASES). Trap-collected zooplankton (TCZ) at around 200 m water depth was dominated by copepods accounting(More)
From 1988 to 1990, fish larvae were sampled before, during, and after ice breakup within and outside the plume of the Great Whale River off Kuujjuarapik, southeastern Hudson Bay, Canada. Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) and sand lance (Ammodytes spp.) were the most abundant larvae. Half of the larval fish taxa emerged before the ice broke up in the Bay. The(More)
Two parasites were found in the hyperiid amphipod Themisto libellula sampled with nets and collected by sediment traps over the annual cycle in the Canadian Beaufort Sea. The trophozoites of the newly described gregarine Ganymedes themistos sp. n. infected the digestive tract of 60.2% of the T. libellula analyzed from net collections. An unidentified(More)