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BACKGROUND Ischemic mitral regurgitation is associated with a substantial risk of death. Practice guidelines recommend surgery for patients with a severe form of this condition but acknowledge that the supporting evidence for repair or replacement is limited. METHODS We randomly assigned 251 patients with severe ischemic mitral regurgitation to undergo(More)
Psychological and psychiatric disorders independently increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and worsen the prognosis in patients with established cardiovascular lesions. The objective of this literature review is to discuss recent data concerning the relationships between depression and anxiety and the outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting.(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiopulmonary bypass triggers a systemic inflammatory response that alters pulmonary endothelial function, which can contribute to pulmonary hypertension. Milrinone is a type III phosphodiesterase inhibitor. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of inhaled and intravenous milrinone on the pulmonary endothelium-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Increased antibiotic resistance of common bacteria is attributed in part to the widespread use of various antibiotic agents. Prophylactic and therapeutic antibiotic treatments are routinely used in cardiac surgical units, and it is no surprise that methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection is becoming a major cause of surgical(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical prostheses are used in young patients and bioprostheses in the elderly because of the higher rate of structural failure of bioprostheses. The objective of the present study was to compare results after aortic valve replacement with mechanical (Carbo-Medics) and biologic (Carpentier-Edwards pericardial) in middle-aged patients. (More)
BACKGROUND In a randomized trial comparing mitral-valve repair with mitral-valve replacement in patients with severe ischemic mitral regurgitation, we found no significant difference in the left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI), survival, or adverse events at 1 year after surgery. However, patients in the repair group had significantly more(More)
BACKGROUND Current cardioplegic techniques do not consistently avoid myocardial ischemic damage in high-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Alternatively, revascularization without cardiopulmonary bypass is not always technically feasible. We investigated whether an intermediary approach based on maintenance of a beating heart with(More)
Coronary endothelial dysfunction in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) can reduce myocardial perfusion and result in an impaired global LV function. The objective of this study was to characterize the specific alterations of endothelial signal transduction of coronary arteries in a swine LVH model. Aortic banding was performed 3 cm above the coronary ostia.(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the present study was to compare current results of prosthetic valve replacement following acute infective native valve endocarditis (NVE) with that of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE). Prosthetic valve replacement is often necessary for acute infective endocarditis. Although valve repair and homografts have been associated(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate our single-center experience with pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis. The main objectives of our analysis were long-term survival, clinical outcome, and identification of risk factors. METHODS Over a 20-year period, 99 consecutive patients underwent pericardiectomy at the Montreal Heart(More)