Louis P. Perrault

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OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to test the value of gait speed, a clinical marker for frailty, to improve the prediction of mortality and major morbidity in elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery. BACKGROUND It is increasingly difficult to predict the elderly patient's risk posed by cardiac surgery because existing risk assessment tools are(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the present study was to compare current results of prosthetic valve replacement following acute infective native valve endocarditis (NVE) with that of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE). Prosthetic valve replacement is often necessary for acute infective endocarditis. Although valve repair and homografts have been associated(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiopulmonary bypass triggers a systemic inflammatory response that alters pulmonary endothelial function, which can contribute to pulmonary hypertension. Milrinone is a type III phosphodiesterase inhibitor. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of inhaled and intravenous milrinone on the pulmonary endothelium-dependent(More)
Psychological and psychiatric disorders independently increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and worsen the prognosis in patients with established cardiovascular lesions. The objective of this literature review is to discuss recent data concerning the relationships between depression and anxiety and the outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting.(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic mitral regurgitation is associated with a substantial risk of death. Practice guidelines recommend surgery for patients with a severe form of this condition but acknowledge that the supporting evidence for repair or replacement is limited. METHODS We randomly assigned 251 patients with severe ischemic mitral regurgitation to undergo(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Tricuspid regurgitation secondary to pulmonary hypertension due to left-sided heart valve lesions is common. Here, the results are reported of 25 years' experience with three surgical techniques; the De Vega semicircular annuloplasty, the Bex flexible linear reducer, and the Carpentier-Edwards prosthetic ring annuloplasty. (More)
BACKGROUND Current cardioplegic techniques do not consistently avoid myocardial ischemic damage in high-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Alternatively, revascularization without cardiopulmonary bypass is not always technically feasible. We investigated whether an intermediary approach based on maintenance of a beating heart with(More)
BACKGROUND In a randomized trial comparing mitral-valve repair with mitral-valve replacement in patients with severe ischemic mitral regurgitation, we found no significant difference in the left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI), survival, or adverse events at 1 year after surgery. However, patients in the repair group had significantly more(More)
It remains presently unknown whether vascular reactivity is impaired and whether maladaptive cardiac remodeling occurs before the onset of overt obesity and in the absence of hyperlipidemia. Normal female rats were fed a high-fat diet for 8 weeks and were associated with a modest nonsignificant increase of body weight (standard diet, 300 +/- 10, versus(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to evaluate serum cardiac troponin T and I levels in patients in whom electrocardiogram, myocardial scan, and serum CK-MB levels of the MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase indicated perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS We studied 590 patients who underwent(More)