Louis Manfra

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Concern about kindergarten retention is on the rise within the current climate of high-stakes testing and escalating kindergarten expectations. Kindergarten retention has been linked in previous research to various risk factors such as poverty, low maternal education, single parent status, minority status, English language learner (ELL) status, and male(More)
Although prior research has shown that young children exhibit enhanced self-control when they use verbal strategies provided through adult instructions, little work has examined the role of children's spontaneous verbalizations or motor behavior as strategies for enhancing self-control. The present study examined the usefulness of spontaneous verbal and(More)
Understanding parent perceptions about childcare quality is important for a number of reasons, including the high reliance on childcare in the US, the wide variability of childcare quality, misunderstandings and lack of education among parents about childcare quality, implications for policy makers and legislators, and generating a definition of childcare(More)
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