Learn More
Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells provide selection signals to germinal center B cells, which is essential for long-lived antibody responses. High CXCR5 and low CCR7 expression facilitates their homing to B cell follicles and distinguishes them from T helper 1 (Th1), Th2, and Th17 cells. Here, we showed that Bcl-6 directs Tfh cell differentiation:(More)
T follicular helper cells (Tfh cells) localize to follicles where they provide growth and selection signals to mutated germinal center (GC) B cells, thus promoting their differentiation into high affinity long-lived plasma cells and memory B cells. T-dependent B cell differentiation also occurs extrafollicularly, giving rise to unmutated plasma cells that(More)
Follicular B helper T (Tfh) cells support high affinity and long-term antibody responses. Here we found that within circulating CXCR5⁺ CD4⁺ T cells in humans and mice, the CCR7(lo)PD-1(hi) subset has a partial Tfh effector phenotype, whereas CCR7(hi)PD-1(lo) cells have a resting phenotype. The circulating CCR7(lo)PD-1(hi) subset was indicative of active Tfh(More)
1. Evidence gathered in recent years has revealed microRNAs (miRNAs) fine-tune gene expression and play an important role in various cellular processes, including cell growth, differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. 2. The present review summarizes current knowledge of miRNA pathways in the pathogenesis of cancer, cardiac diseases, neurodegenerative(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA), a group of short non-coding RNA of approximately 20-22 nucleotides modulating the stability and translational efficiency of target messenger RNA, present an important new layer controlling gene expression. Hundreds to a thousand miRNA have been identified and are predicted to regulate at least one-third of protein-coding transcripts in the(More)
OBJECTIVES Glucose metabolism plays a fundamental role in supporting the growth, proliferation and effector functions of T cells. We investigated the impact of HIV infection on key processes that regulate glucose uptake and metabolism in primary CD4 and CD8 T cells. DESIGN AND METHODS Thirty-eight HIV-infected treatment-naive, 35 HIV+/combination(More)
The generation of immunological memory during an immune response is a hallmark of the adaptive immune system. Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells are a CD4(+) T-cell subset specialised to regulate antibody response. Emerging evidence suggests that during antibody response, Tfh memory is generated along with the generation of B-cell memory. There are multiple(More)
OBJECTIVE Antibody-mediated autoimmunity involves cognate interactions between self-reactive T cells and B cells during germinal center (GC) reactions. The aim of this study was to determine the role of essential follicular helper T (Tfh) cell molecules (CXCR5, signaling lymphocytic activation molecule-associated protein) on autoreactive CD4+ cells and the(More)
RFID technology has numerous applications, one of which includes container tracking in shipping ports. There have been pilot programs completed at various ports around the world. Proven benefits include cut backs on port operation costs, smoother and faster flow of goods, easier access to real-time information, and an overall improvement in security and(More)
  • 1