Jeffrey R Guyon7
Genri Kawahara7
7Jeffrey R Guyon
7Genri Kawahara
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The last 20 years have witnessed major advances in the understanding of muscle diseases and significant inroads are being made to treat muscular dystrophy. However, no curative therapy is currently available for any of the muscular dystrophies, despite the immense progress made using several approaches and only palliative and symptomatic treatment is(More)
Skeletal muscle is a highly specialized organ system evolved for locomotion and energy metabolism in multicellular organisms. Deterioration of muscle cell integrity as a result of genetic mutations leads to progressive muscle wasting with detrimental consequences including early death. Typically, mutations in different genes tend to target distinct muscle(More)
The sarcoglycans are a complex of four transmembrane proteins (alpha, beta, gamma, and delta) which are primarily expressed in skeletal muscle and are closely associated with dystrophin and the dystroglycans in the muscle membrane. Mutations in the sarcoglycans are responsible for four autosomal recessive forms of muscular dystrophy. The function and the(More)
BACKGROUND The development of large-scale gene expression profiling technologies is rapidly changing the norms of biological investigation. But the rapid pace of change itself presents challenges. Commercial microarrays are regularly modified to incorporate new genes and improved target sequences. Although the ability to compare datasets across generations(More)
  • David M Langenau, Matthew D Keefe, Narie Y Storer, Jeffrey R Guyon, Jeffery L Kutok, Xiuning Le +4 others
  • 2007
Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) is a devastating cancer with specific features of muscle differentiation that can result from mutational activation of RAS family members. However, to date, RAS pathway activation has not been reported in a majority of ERMS patients. Here, we have created a zebrafish model of RAS-induced ERMS, in which animals develop(More)
Repair of mature skeletal muscle is mediated by adult muscle progenitors. Satellite cells have long been recognized as playing a major role in muscle repair, whereas side population (SP) cells have more recently been identified as contributing to this process. The developmental source of these two progenitor populations has been considerably debated. We(More)
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is a spectrum of highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorders in which known mutations contribute to disease risk in 20% of cases. Here, we report the results of the largest blood transcriptome study to date that aims to identify differences in 170 ASD cases and 115 age/sex-matched controls and to evaluate the utility of(More)
  • Matthew S Alexander, Juan Carlos Casar, Norio Motohashi, Jennifer A Myers, Iris Eisenberg, Robert T Gonzalez +4 others
  • 2011
BACKGROUND Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked myopathy resulting from the production of a nonfunctional dystrophin protein. MicroRNA (miRNA) are small 21- to 24-nucleotide RNA that can regulate both individual genes and entire cell signaling pathways. Previously, we identified several mRNA, both muscle-enriched and inflammation-induced, that(More)
Skeletal muscle is formed via fusion of myoblasts, a well-studied process in Drosophila. In vertebrates however, this process is less well understood, and whether there is evolutionary conservation with the proteins studied in flies is under investigation. Sticks and stones (Sns), a cell surface protein found on Drosophila myoblasts, has structural homology(More)
BACKGROUND Human lifespan is approximately 25% heritable, and genetic factors may be particularly important for achieving exceptional longevity. Accordingly, siblings of centenarians have a dramatically higher probability of reaching extreme old age than the general population. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To map the loci conferring a survival(More)