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Since 1960, numerous studies have supported the thesis that the synthetic activity of articular chondrocytes is increased in osteoarthritis, but several recent reports have challenged this concept. To clarify this problem fully and also to define further the products of this increased synthesis, three experiments were performed in which the distribution and(More)
Tissues from sixty-nine cartilage tumors in sixty-six individuals were obtained at the time of operation and each lesion was graded as benign (seventeen) or as a low-grade (thirty-three) or high-grade (nineteen) chondrosarcoma according to histological and roentgenographic criteria. The material obtained was analyzed by biochemical techniques for its(More)
Supplements of glucosamine hydrochloride, low molecular weight chondroitin sulfate, and manganese ascorbate were tested separately and in combination for their ability to retard progression of cartilage degeneration in a rabbit instability model of osteoarthrosis. Computerized quantitative histologic evaluation of safranin O stained sections of the medial(More)
Articular cartilage is one of very few body tissues uniquely characterized as having substantial stores of lipid deposits. Lipid droplets are naturally accumulated by chondrocytes and individual fatty acids have been shown to have protective as well as deleterious effects on cartilage degradation in animal models of degenerative joint disease. As a means to(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that chondrocytes are more responsive to the chondroprotective agents, glucosamine (glcN) and chondroitin sulfate (CS), under in vitro conditions simulating in vivo joint stress. DESIGN Synthetic and anticatabolic activities of bovine articular cartilage were assayed using 35-sulfate labeling and assaying the specific(More)
The etiology of the unicameral bone cyst remains undefined. Likewise, the treatment of the cyst has had proponents suggesting procedures ranging from decompression to diaphyseal resection. The use of intralesional steroids has gained popularity since its introduction in 1979 by Scaglietti. We present the results of aspirations of seven cysts, with serial(More)
Successful treatment of nonunited fractures remains a major clinical challenge. Because bone marrow and demineralized bone matrix (DBM) are capable of stimulating osteogenesis, experiments were designed to test the effectiveness of bone marrow or DBM or both when injected percutaneously into a canine nonunion model. Six-millimeter segmental defects were(More)