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Articular cartilage is one of very few body tissues uniquely characterized as having substantial stores of lipid deposits. Lipid droplets are naturally accumulated by chondrocytes and individual fatty acids have been shown to have protective as well as deleterious effects on cartilage degradation in animal models of degenerative joint disease. As a means to(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that chondrocytes are more responsive to the chondroprotective agents, glucosamine (glcN) and chondroitin sulfate (CS), under in vitro conditions simulating in vivo joint stress. DESIGN Synthetic and anticatabolic activities of bovine articular cartilage were assayed using 35-sulfate labeling and assaying the specific(More)
Tissues from sixty-nine cartilage tumors in sixty-six individuals were obtained at the time of operation and each lesion was graded as benign (seventeen) or as a low-grade (thirty-three) or high-grade (nineteen) chondrosarcoma according to histological and roentgenographic criteria. The material obtained was analyzed by biochemical techniques for its(More)
OBJECTIVE Delayed or impaired healing of skeletal trauma in patients who smoke has been attributed to vascular responses of nicotine absorption and/or a direct effect of nicotine or other smoke components on bone cells. In vivo studies indicate variability in osteosynthetic response to nicotine versus smoke inhalation. We tested the hypothesis that(More)
Since 1960, numerous studies have supported the thesis that the synthetic activity of articular chondrocytes is increased in osteoarthritis, but several recent reports have challenged this concept. To clarify this problem fully and also to define further the products of this increased synthesis, three experiments were performed in which the distribution and(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among selected properties of fracture callus: bending rigidity, tissue density, mineral density, matrix density and mineral-to-matrix ratio. The experimental model was an osteotomized canine radius in which the development of the fracture callus was modified by electrical stimulation with(More)
Short term incubations of articular cartilage in media from cultures of rheumatoid synovial tissue result in marked inhibition of 3H-glycine and Na235SO4 incorporation into trichloroacetic acid (TCA) insoluble macromolecules by the cartilage segments with little effect on degradation of prelabeled cartilage matrix. This inhibition is time dependent and not(More)