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Food-web processes are important controls of oceanic biogenic carbon flux and ocean-atmosphere carbon dioxide exchange. Two key controlling parameters are the growth efficiencies of the principal trophic components and the rate of carbon remineralization. We report that bacterial growth efficiency is an inverse function of temperature. This relationship(More)
The Joint Global Ocean Flux Study of the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) is a Core Project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). It is planned by a SCOR/IGBP Scientific Steering Committee. In addition to funds from the JGOFS sponsors, SCOR and IGBP, support is provided for international JGOFS planning activities by(More)
Corals live in symbiosis with dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinum. These dinoflagellates translocate a large part of the photosynthetically fixed carbon to the host, which in turn uses it for its own needs. Assessing the carbon budget in coral tissue is a central question in reef studies that still vexes ecophysiologists. The amount of carbon fixed by(More)
The seasonal patterns of phytoplankton biomass and production were determined in the North Water, located West (o751W), and South (o761N). Phytoplankton biomass and production were low during April throughout the North Water. Biomass first increased in the East during April. From there, the biomass spread north-and westwards during May–June, when the bloom(More)
Temperature is a powerful correlate of large-scale terrestrial and marine diversity patterns but the mechanistic links remain unclear. Whilst many explanations have been proposed, quantitative predictions that allow them to be tested statistically are often lacking. As an important exception, the metabolic theory of ecology (MTE) provides a rather robust(More)
Temperate symbiotic corals, such as the Mediterranean species Cladocora caespitosa, live in seasonally changing environments, where irradiance can be ten times higher in summer than winter. These corals shift from autotrophy in summer to heterotrophy in winter in response to light limitation of the symbiont's photosynthesis. In this study, we determined the(More)
Although recent studies suggest that climate change may substantially accelerate the rate of species loss in the biosphere, only a few studies have focused on the potential consequences of a spatial reorganization of biodiversity with global warming. Here, we show a pronounced latitudinal increase in phytoplanktonic and zooplanktonic biodiversity in the(More)
BACKGROUND The present review is based on the identification of four major environmental crises that have been approached from a biological oceanographic viewpoint. These crises are the release of contaminants in near shore marine waters, the collapse of marine resources that were renewable until recently, the loss of biodiversity, and global climate change(More)
Latitudinal gradients in diversity are among the most striking features in ecology. For terrestrial species, climate (i.e. temperature and precipitation) is believed to exert a strong influence on the geographical distributions of diversity through its effects on energy availability. Here, we provide the first global description of geographical variation in(More)
The annual cycles of abundance of fish larvae and their zooplankton prey were analysed in relation to the biomass and production of size-fractionated phytoplankton on the Scotian Shelf (Northwest Atlantic). Outside the spring bloom of large (>5 m) phytoplankton (February to April), the small-sized fraction of phytoplankton (<5 m) contributed the bulk of(More)