Louis L Munoz

Learn More
PURPOSE The benefit of adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) after surgical resection for extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma has not been clearly established. We analyzed survival outcomes of patients with resected extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and examined the effect of adjuvant RT. METHODS AND MATERIALS Data were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and(More)
BACKGROUND Nonperioperative strokes are rare yet potentially devastating events for children with central nervous system (CNS) tumors. The incidence of and risk factors for nonperioperative strokes in children with CNS tumors is unknown. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of children from their institution with CNS tumors. The incidence(More)
Some 2000 species of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) occur globally in aquatic habitats. They are able to survive under a wide range of environmental conditions and some produce potent toxins. Toxin production is correlated with periods of rapid growth (blooms) and 25%-70% of blooms may be toxic. Anatoxin-a is an alkaloid neurotoxin that acts as a potent(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) and mercaptopurine (MP) are the mainstays of continuation therapy for acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). These drugs are stored in tissues as active metabolites. Relapse in ALL might reflect failure to achieve adequate intracellular drug levels. Assured (parenteral) delivery of higher doses of MTX and MP should maximize tissue levels of(More)
PURPOSE To determine the potential efficacy and toxicity of intravenous (i.v.) methotrexate (MTX) and mercaptopurine (MP) as postremission intensification treatment for children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) at higher risk to relapse. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eighty-three patients (age 1 to 20 years) with higher-risk B-lineage ALL were(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the role of liver X receptors (LXRs) in experimental skin fibrosis and evaluate their potential as novel antifibrotic targets. METHODS We studied the role of LXRs in bleomycin-induced skin fibrosis, in the model of sclerodermatous graft-versus-host disease (sclGvHD) and in tight skin-1 (Tsk-1) mice, reflecting different subtypes(More)
Fifty patients with refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation after conditioning with high-dose cytosine arabinoside and fractionated total body irradiation. Twenty-nine received intravenous immunoglobulin (i.v.Ig) infusion, primarily to prevent cytomegalovirus infection, and 21 did not. The two groups were(More)
PURPOSE To determine the feasibility, safety, and cost of delivering total body irradiation (TBI) in an outpatient setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS The records of 33 pediatric patients with hematopoietic malignancies undergoing TBI in preparation for bone marrow transplantation (BMT) at the Children's Medical Center of Dallas between February 1992 and June(More)
We have shown that it is possible to collect and viably store sufficient numbers of stem cells to hematologically reconstitute patients following marrow-lethal doses of chemoradiotherapy. While no current procedure can be guaranteed to eliminate clonogenic tumor from the bone marrow, the fact that hematopoietic stem cells capable of reconstituting the host(More)
The Hunter syndrome (MPS II) is the only mucopolysaccharidosis in which there is appreciable activity of the deficient enzyme in normal plasma. We performed enzyme-replacement treatment by plasma exchange in five Hunter syndrome children. Carefully monitoring the cardiovascular status, we administered monthly single plasma volume exchanges for a 3 to 8 mo(More)