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Collecting duct (CD) renin is stimulated by angiotensin (Ang) II, providing a pathway for Ang I generation and further conversion to Ang II. Ang II stimulates the epithelial sodium channel via the Ang II type 1 receptor and increases mineralocorticoid receptor activity attributed to increased aldosterone release. Our objective was to determine whether CD(More)
The aims of this study were to delineate the relative contribution of angiotensin II (ANG II) subtype 1A (AT1A) and 1B (AT1B) receptors to the development of two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) Goldblatt hypertension in mice, to examine if increased nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity counteracts the vasoconstrictor influences of ANG II in 2K1C hypertensive mice,(More)
  • L Cervenka, C T Wang, K D Mitchell, L G Navar
  • 1999
-Previous studies have shown that whereas the nonclipped kidney in two-kidney, one clip (2K1C) rats undergoes marked depletion of renin content and renin mRNA, intrarenal angiotensin II (Ang II) levels are not suppressed; however, the distribution and functional consequences of intrarenal Ang II remain unclear. The present study was performed to assess the(More)
Intrarenal angiotensin II (Ang II) is regulated by several complex processes involving formation from both systemically delivered and intrarenally formed substrate, as well as receptor-mediated internalization. There is substantial compartmentalization of intrarenal Ang II, with levels in the renal interstitial fluid and in proximal tubule fluid being much(More)
Angiotensin II (AngII) infusions augment renal angiotensinogen mRNA and protein and urinary angiotensinogen excretion (U(AGT)). Further experiments were performed in 4 groups of rats: normal salt diet with sham operation, NS+Sham, n=6; NS with AngII infusion at 40 ng/min via osmotic minipump, NS+AngII(40), n=9; NS with AngII infusion at 80 ng/min,(More)
This study was performed to examine whether there is an inappropriate regulation of intrarenal angiotensinogen in Dahl-salt sensitive rats (DS) fed a high salt diet (HS). Dahl salt-resistant rats (DR) and DS were maintained on HS (8% NaCl) or low salt diet (LS, 0.3% NaCl) for 4 weeks. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), measured by tail-cuff plethysmography, was(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) II-infused hypertensive rats exhibit increases in renal angiotensinogen mRNA and protein, as well as urinary angiotensinogen excretion in association with increased intrarenal Ang II content. The present study was performed to determine if the augmentation of intrarenal angiotensinogen requires activation of Ang II type 1 (AT1) receptors.(More)
T he complexity of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin (Ang) system (RAS) continues to reveal itself as evidence accumulates demonstrating its robust independent regulation in the interstitial and intratubular compartments within the kidney. 1–3 Early reports demonstrating the presence of Ang II receptors on the brush border of proximal tubules suggested(More)
Previous studies have indicated that angiotensin II (Ang II) concentrations in renal interstitial fluid are much higher than plasma levels. In the present study, we performed experiments to explore renal interstitial fluid concentrations of Ang I and Ang II further and to determine whether these levels are altered by acute arterial infusion of an ACE(More)
Renal tissue angiotensin I (Ang I) and II (Ang II) content and angiotensin converting enzyme activity were assessed in both kidneys during initial (7 days) and maintenance (25 days) phases of two-kidney, one clip hypertension in rats. At 7 and 25 days, systolic arterial pressure was 146 +/- 2 and 170 +/- 7 mm Hg, respectively. After 7 days, Ang I content of(More)