Louis Fauconnier

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RATIONALE Pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating as yet untreatable disease. We previously investigated the endogenous mediators released on lung injury and showed that uric acid is a danger signal activating Nod-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in lung inflammation and fibrosis (Gasse et al., Am J Respir Crit Care Med(More)
The cysteine protease caspase-1 (Casp-1) contributes to innate immunity through the assembly of NLRP3, NLRC4, AIM2, and NLRP6 inflammasomes. Here we ask whether caspase-1 activation plays a regulatory role in house dust mite (HDM)-induced experimental allergic airway inflammation. We report enhanced airway inflammation in caspase-1-deficient mice exposed to(More)
Cystic fibrosis is associated with increased inflammatory responses to pathogen challenge. Here we revisited the role of IL-1β in lung pathology using the experimental F508del-CFTR murine model on C57BL/6 genetic background (Cftr(tm1eur) or d/d), on double deficient for d/d and type 1 interleukin-1 receptor (d/d X IL-1R1-/-), and antibody neutralization. At(More)
IPF is a chronic, progressive pulmonary disease, leading to respiratory failure. In search of mechanisms of IPF, we used the bleomycin-induced lung-injury model in mice, which causes acute inflammation that may progress to chronic lung inflammation and fibrosis. Here, we asked whether CXCL6/GCP-2, a member of the CXC chemokine superfamily, may be involved(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) infections are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients due to antibiotic resistance. Therefore, we investigated the efficacy of the anti-P. aeruginosa serotype O11 lipopolysaccharide monoclonal antibody Panobacumab in a clinically relevant murine model of neutropenia induced(More)
Background. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is induced in allergic skin and lung inflammation in man and mice. Methods. Allergic lung inflammation induced by two proteases allergens HDM and papain and a classical allergen ovalbumin was evaluated in vivo in mice deficient for TSLPR. Eosinophil recruitment, Th2 and Th17 cytokine and chemokine levels were(More)
BACKGROUND Protein kinase C (PKC) θ, a serine/threonine kinase, is involved in TH2 cell activation and proliferation. Type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) resemble TH2 cells and produce the TH2 cytokines IL-5 and IL-13 but lack antigen-specific receptors. The mechanism by which PKC-θ drives innate immune cells to instruct TH2 responses in patients with(More)
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