Learn More
OBJECTIVE To more fully define the influence of COPD in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS One hundred ninety-one patients with COPD underwent CABG from March 1, 1995, to June 21, 1996. There were 129 male and 62 female patients. The mean age was 69 years (45 to 86 years). Patients with COPD were defined according to the(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical circulatory assist industries have developed ventricular assist devices (VAD) for short-, intermediate-, and long-term use. The purpose of this report is to describe the progress made with the ABIOMED Biventricular System (BVS) 5000 (ABIOMED, Inc, Danvers, MA) short-term VAD. METHODS From June 1994 through August 2000, all(More)
Heart transplant rejection is characterized pathologically by myocyte necrosis and apoptosis associated with interstitial mononuclear cell infiltration. Any one of these components can be targeted for noninvasive detection of transplant rejection. During apoptotic cell death, phosphatidylserine, a phospholipid that is normally confined to the inner leaflet(More)
Percutaneous stenting of the superior vena cava (SVC) has been an accepted therapy for SVC syndrome for more than a decade. Complications are uncommon and usually of minor consequence. Three previous reports have described ruptures of the SVC during venoplasty with death on one occasion. We report a fourth case of SVC rupture during angioplasty and stenting(More)
Sternal wound infection with atypical mycobacteria following open heart surgery is a rare occurrence. Previous reports have described infection by Mycobacterium fortuitum, an acid-fast bacillus and member of a larger family of rapidly growing mycobacteria. The source and mode of transmission have not been identified. Surgical debridement and the combination(More)
BACKGROUND Thoracic aortic coarctation accompanied by a second surgically reparable lesion is a rare combination in the adult patient. The simultaneous operative management of both lesions is desirable because of the higher morbidity and mortality that would occur with staged procedures. METHODS We describe the simultaneous operative management in three(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery bypass and percutaneous intervention have become the established methods of coronary revascularization in treating angina pectoris. Subsets of angina patients, however, are not amenable to either of these procedures. Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) has been developed as a potential treatment to address such patients,(More)
Two studies assessed initiatives to improve the quality and the cost-effectiveness of cardiac surgery. The first evaluated a system for access and stabilization (SAS), with coronary stabilization, and a clinical effectiveness quality initiative (CEQI) in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. The SAS + CEQI cohort showed significantly lower mortality, a(More)
BACKGROUND Minimally invasive techniques to harvest the saphenous vein for coronary artery bypass grafting continue to improve and evolve. Smaller cutaneous incisions have been shown to decrease postoperative discomfort and improve healing. We describe a technique involving carbon dioxide insufflation and endoscopic dissection to allow easier and atraumatic(More)