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Of the 131 studies on monotherapy or combination therapy assessed, 56 studies on the different forms of phototherapy fulfilled the criteria for inclusion in the guidelines. Approximately three-quarters of all patients treated with phototherapy attained at least a PASI 75 response after 4 to 6 weeks, and clearance was frequently achieved (levels of evidence(More)
Dominant tolerance is mediated by regulatory T cells (T(reg)) that control harmful autoimmune T cells in the periphery. In this study, we investigate the implication of T(reg) in modulating infiltrating T lymphocytes in human metastatic melanoma. We found that CD4(+)CD25(high) T cells are overrepresented in metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) with a 2-fold(More)
A living-skin equivalent useful as a skin replacement and as a model system for basic studies has been fabricated and tested extensively. It consists of two components: (1) a dermal equivalent made up of fibroblasts in a collagen matrix that is contracted and modified by the resident cells, and (2) an epidermis that develops from keratinocytes "plated" on(More)
Azide and hydroxylamine release nitric oxide (NO) enzymatically in biological conditions. We observed that both compounds were able to inhibit in vitro the programmed cell death of human eosinophils from peripheral blood. This protective effect could be mimicked by permeable cGMP analogs and by the phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine.(More)
A skin equivalent model has been used to fabricate tissues with psoriatic and normal cells. Psoriatic fibroblasts can induce hyperproliferative activity in normal keratinocytes. The psoriatic epidermis from lesions continues to proliferate at high rates for at least 15 days in this model, and normal fibroblasts are unable to suppress this(More)
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN Cyclosporine has proved to be highly effective in the treatment of psoriasis. However, cyclosporine is potentially toxic. Side effects include renal toxic effects, hypertension, and an increased risk of malignant neoplasm. The toxicity of cyclosporine is dose-related, yet the safe duration of treatment is undefined. We studied the(More)
Cellular events occurring in eight patients with bullous pemphigoid were studied by light and electron microscopy. Sections (0.5 micrometer) of large surface area, overlapping blisters and surrounding skin, were examined and correlated ultrastructural studies were performed on selected areas. The peroxidase contained in granules of neutrophils, eosinophils(More)
Several components of the dermal-epidermal junction (DEJ) bear the name of the autoimmune bullous disease in which they are involved. The epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) antigen, a component of anchoring fibrils, and the bullous pemphigoid (BP) antigen, a component of hemidesmosomes (HD) with a molecular weight of 220-240 kD, have been well(More)
A quantitative method of skin healing assessment using true color image processing is presented. The method was developed during a clinical trial using healthy volunteers, the goal of which was to study a drug for accelerating healing. Photographic images of the skin were sequentially acquired between day 1 and day 12 after pure painless epidermal wounds.(More)
The sun is the most important and universal source of non-ionizing radiation shed on human populations. Life evolved on Earth bathed by this radiation. Solar UV damages cells, leading to deleterious conditions such as photoaging and carcinogenesis in human skin. During the process of evolution, the cells selected dark- and light-dependent repair mechanisms(More)