Louis Descos

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Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is a syndrome characterized by familial predisposition to colorectal carcinoma and extracolonic cancers of the gastrointestinal, urological, and female reproductive tracts. This dominant disorder is caused by germline defects in one of at least five DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes: hMLH1, hMSH2, hPMS1,(More)
OBJECTIVES Infliximab is a costly therapy for active Crohn's disease resistant to corticosteroids and immunosuppressive medication. The purpose of this study was to examine whether a treatment including infliximab (episodic re-infusions for relapse or maintenance therapy every 8 weeks) was relevant compared with conventional management (surgery and medical(More)
UNLABELLED A national multicenter study (34 centers) compared six treatments in 328 patients with cirrhotic ascites. Excluded were patients with g.i. bleeding within the last six months, chronic encephalopathy, cancer, tuberculosis or the following complications persisting after three weeks: acute encephalopythy, fever greater than 38 degrees C, infected(More)
The ability of 11 laboratory parameters to reflect the degree of activity of Crohn's disease, using a clinical index as reference point was compared by means of multiple stepwise regression analysis. Activity was best defined in decreasing order by orosomucoid, sedimentation rate, C reactive protein, alpha-1-antitrypsin, albumin, haematocrit, IgM,(More)
Celiac disease (CD), which occurs in Europe with varying frequency, is known to be associated with HLA-B8 and even more strongly with HLA-Dw3 because of the high linkage disequilibrium between these two antigens. After typing for HLA-A, -B and -DR antigens in adult patients with CD, we can confirm the high prevalence of B8 (72.7%) and of DRw3 (63.7%).(More)
PURPOSE Chronic radiation proctitis, a well described complication of pelvic radiation therapy, can result in severe bleeding that is refractory to conventional treatment. Argon plasma coagulation is an effective treatment for hemorrhagic lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of argon plasma(More)
The mannitol-lactulose intestinal permeability test was evaluated in 100 healthy controls and 47 patients with Crohn's disease. These patients were further separated into three subgroups of increased activity (Harvey-Bradshaw index) and in two subgroups, with elective colonic lesions and associated ileal and colonic lesions. Results were given as(More)
We studied the in vitro effects of butyrate on the stimulated release of proinflammatory cytokines and cytokines involved in the Th-1/Th-2 balance using the whole-blood model in nine healthy humans. Cytokines were measured without (control) and after stimulation by bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and phytohemagglutinin (PHA) alone or with addition of(More)
A direct comparison was made between mannitol-lactulose and EDTA tests in 10 control subjects and in 9 and 19 patients suffering, respectively, from ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. The markers were orally administered in a random order and urinary recoveries were measured. At group level, significant differences were only observed in EDTA test(More)