Louis D. Van de Kar

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Interactions among stress, serotonin 1A (5-HT1A) receptors, and the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenocortical (HPA) system have been proposed to influence the development of depression in humans. The investigation of depression-relevant behaviors and physiological responses to environmental stressors in animal models of depression may provide valuable insight(More)
Previous studies have determined that chronic cocaine exposure inhibits the serotonergic stimulation of hormone secretion. The present experiments were conducted to determine whether the endocrine responses to stress could be a useful approach to assess the influence of cocaine exposure on neuronal function. Male rats received twice daily injections of(More)
Tandospirone, an azapirone, is a selective serotonin1A (5-HT1A) receptor agonist. The effects of tandospirone on plasma hormones and on mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activity in the brain of male rats were studied. Tandospirone produced a time- and dose-dependent increase in plasma levels of oxytocin, adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), corticosterone, and(More)
Objective: The present study investigated whether administration of a 5-HT1A receptor agonist would increase growth hormone (GH) and oxytocin levels in normal human subjects, and whether the responses would be modified according to the age and gender of the subjects. Methods: Ipsapirone (0.3 mg/kg body weight), or placebo was administered to 30 normal(More)
One of the characteristics of drug dependence is that a drug has to be administered repeatedly before withdrawal effects can be observed. We have previously shown that withdrawal after 14 days of cocaine treatment produces a supersensitivity of hypothalamic 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) 2A (5-HT2A) receptors, which is accompanied by increases in the(More)
Serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptor-mediated increases in plasma hormone levels become supersensitive after 42 h of withdrawal from cocaine treatment. The present study investigated which components of the 5-HT2A receptor signaling system are associated with this supersensitivity. Rats were injected daily for 14 days with either saline or cocaine (15 mg/kg i.p.)(More)
Previous work from our laboratory provided evidence for increased plasma corticosterone levels in mice transgenic for human and bovine growth hormone (GH). Corticosterone was elevated in both sexes, under both basal and ether-induced stress conditions. The objectives of the present study were to investigate thein vitro adrenal sensitivity to ACTH, GH and/or(More)
Abstract Rationale. Selective serotonin (5-HT, 5-hydroxytryptamine) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as fluoxetine produce a gradual desensitization of hypothalamic post-synaptic 5-HT1A receptor systems. It is assumed that the effects of SSRIs on post-synaptic 5-HT1A receptors are mediated by 5-HT reuptake inhibition, leading to an increase of 5-HT in the(More)
Desensitisation of 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B autoreceptors is thought to be the mechanism underlying the therapeutic effects of fluoxetine and other selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) when these are administered chronically, while blockade of these autoreceptors occurring on administration of an SSRI together with an autoreceptor antagonist is(More)