Louis C. Penning

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The conclusions of thousands of peer-reviewed publications rely on data obtained using fluorescence-based quantitative real-time PCR technology. However, the inadequate reporting of experimental detail, combined with the frequent use of flawed protocols is leading to the publication of papers that may not be technically appropriate. We take the view that(More)
The Fas/APO-1 receptor is one of the major regulators of apoptosis. We report here that Fas/APO-1-mediated apoptosis requires the activation of a new class of cysteine proteases, including interleukin-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE), which are homologous to the product of the Caenorhabditis elegans cell-death gene ced-3 (refs 11, 12). Triggering of Fas/APO-1(More)
In determining relative gene expression by quantitative measurements of mRNA levels using real-time quantitative PCR, internal standards such as reference genes are essential. Large-scale studies evaluating (candidate) reference genes for veterinary research have not been conducted as thoroughly as for human research, although they are equally important.(More)
The analysis of the inositol cycle in Dictyostelium discoideum cells is complicated by the limited uptake of [3H]inositol (0.2% of the applied radioactivity in 6 h), and by the conversion of [3H]inositol into water-soluble inositol metabolites that are eluted near the position of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] on anion-exchange h.p.l.c.(More)
The natural polyamines (putrescine, spermidine and spermine) are ubiquitous low-molecular aliphatic amines that play multifunctional roles in cell growth and differentiation. Recently, evidence has merging that polyamines are actively involved in cell death. Changes in polyamine homeostasis have been reported during cell death of nerve cells, in programmed(More)
STUDY DESIGN Prospective observational and analytic study. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether spontaneous intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) occurring in both chondrodystrophic (CD) and nonchondrodystrophic dogs (NCD) can be used as a valid translational model for human IVDD research. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Different animal models are used in(More)
Rat/mouse T cell hybridoma-derived PC60 R55/R75 cells were used as a model to study tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-induced apoptosis. The role of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and polyamines in this process was investigated. In PC60 R55/R75 cells, TNF-induced ODC activity was completely suppressed by externally added spermine (Spm). TNF decreased the(More)
For a proper determination of relative mRNA expression levels with real-time quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) internal standards, such as the expression of reference genes, are of utmost importance. For cats, in contrast to dogs, no validation of reference genes has been published. Our goal was to evaluate frequently used reference genes for the analysis of(More)
Hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) are an adult stem cell compartment in the liver that contributes to liver regeneration when replication of mature hepatocytes is insufficient. In this study, laser microdissection was used to isolate HPC niches from the livers of healthy dogs and dogs with lobular dissecting hepatitis (LDH), in which HPCs are massively(More)
Both hyperthermia and photodynamic therapy of cancer are frequently used in combination with other treatment modalities in order to improve tumor control with minimal damage to normal tissues. The present results indicate that the most effective combination of treatment modalities is different in different cell types. For instance, ionizing irradiation and(More)