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A genetic perspective of human history in Europe was derived from 22 binary markers of the nonrecombining Y chromosome (NRY). Ten lineages account for >95% of the 1007 European Y chromosomes studied. Geographic distribution and age estimates of alleles are compatible with two Paleolithic and one Neolithic migratory episode that have contributed to the(More)
When mitochondrial DNA sequence variation is analyzed from a sample of 637 individuals in 14 European populations, most populations show little differentiation with respect to each other. However, the Saami distinguish themselves by a comparatively large amount of sequence difference when compared with the other populations, by a different distribution of(More)
Clinal patterns of autosomal genetic diversity within Europe have been interpreted in previous studies in terms of a Neolithic demic diffusion model for the spread of agriculture; in contrast, studies using mtDNA have traced many founding lineages to the Paleolithic and have not shown strongly clinal variation. We have used 11 human Y-chromosomal biallelic(More)
We analyzed 10 Y-chromosomal binary markers in 363 males from 8 populations in Northern Europe and 5 Y microsatellites in 346 of these individuals. These populations can be grouped according to cultural, linguistic, or geographical criteria, and the groupings are different in each case. We can therefore ask which criterion best corresponds to the(More)
We present here a new interesting feature of the human tumor suppressor gene p53: a very pronounced ethnic and clinal variation of polymorphic codon 72 alleles. The frequency of the A1 (Pro) allele showed a north-south cline from 17% in Swedish Saamis to 63% in African Blacks (Nigerians), and there was a significant (p < 0.001) correlation (r = 0.95)(More)
The chemokine receptor CCR5 is encoded by the CMKBR5 gene located on the p21.3 region of human chromosome 3, and constitutes the major co-receptor for the macrophage-tropic strains of HIV-1. A mutant allele of the CCR5 gene, Delta ccr5 , was shown to provide to homozygotes with a strong resistance against infection by HIV. The frequency of the Delta ccr5(More)
An association between the BstU I 1-1 (Pro-Pro) genotype of the p53 codon 72 polymorphism and lung cancer has previously been reported by Kawajiri et al. A reanalysis of the data by Kawajiri et al. revealed no significant difference between patients and controls with respect to allele frequencies, and the increased frequency of BstU I 1-1 homozygotes was(More)
The haptoglobin groups were studied in a material of 4,333 conscripts and blood donors from the counties of Norrbotten and V asterbotten in northern Sweden. According to their place of birth, the individuals were distributed into 23 subpopulations. In all subpopulations a good consistency with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was found. In contrast to this(More)
The first Swedish case of familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) was published in 1965. The same transthyretin (TTR met30) mutation as that seen in Japanese, Portuguese, and other populations was also found in Swedish FAP patients. More than 350 patients with clinical manifestations of FAP have been diagnosed in northern Sweden, most of them originating(More)
HLA antigens, blood group systems (ABO, Rh, MNSs, P, Kell, Lewis and Duffy) and serum group systems (Hp, Tf, Gc, Pi, Bf, C3 and C4) were studied in a series of patients with intracranial aneurysms. A significantly increased frequency of HLA antigen A28, a significantly decreased frequency of HLA antigen B40, and a significantly decreased frequency of(More)