Louis B. Justement

Learn More
A key role is emerging for the cytoskeleton in coordinating receptor signaling, although the underlying molecular requirements remain unclear. Here we show that cytoskeleton disruption triggered signaling requiring not only the B cell receptor (BCR), but also the coreceptor CD19 and tetraspanin CD81, thus providing a mechanism for signal amplification upon(More)
CD22 is a membrane immunoglobulin (mIg)-associated protein of B cells. CD22 is tyrosine-phosphorylated when mIg is ligated. Tyrosine-phosphorylated CD22 binds and activates SHP, a protein tyrosine phosphatase known to negatively regulate signaling through mIg. Ligation of CD22 to prevent its coaggregation with mIg lowers the threshold at which mIg activates(More)
The B cell-restricted transmembrane glycoprotein CD22 is rapidly phosphorylated on tyrosine in response to cross-linking of the B cell antigen receptor, thereby generating phosphotyrosine motifs in the cytoplasmic domain which recruit intracellular effector proteins that contain Src homology 2 domains. By virtue of its interaction with these effector(More)
The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM) gene cluster encodes a group of transmembrane proteins that are emerging as important components in innate and adaptive immunity. In both mice and humans, the TREM gene cluster encodes eight receptors; only four of these, however, are direct homologs: TREM-1, TREM-2, TREM-like transcript 1 (TLT1),(More)
Recently, we and others have demonstrated that negative signaling in B cells selectively induces the tyrosine phosphorylation of a novel inositol polyphosphate phosphatase, p145SHIP. In this study, we present data indicating that p145SHIP binds directly a phosphorylated motif, immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM), present in the cytoplasmic(More)
The accuracy of flow cytometric measurement of intracellular calcium with fluo-3 is compromised by variation in basal fluorescence intensity due to heterogeneity in dye uptake or compartmentalization. We have loaded cells simultaneously with fluo-3 and SNARF-1. When SNARF-1 fluorescence is collected at approximately 600 nm, its intensity does not change(More)
CD5 is a key regulator of Ag receptor-mediated activation, selection, and differentiation in both T and B cells. Accumulating evidence indicates that lymphocyte activation and selection are sensitive to variations in levels of CD5 on the cell surface. We now show that CD5 expression on the surface of B and T cells is regulated posttranslationally by direct(More)
CD19-deficient mice were used as a model to study follicular dendritic cell (FDC) activation because these mice have normal numbers of FDC-containing primary follicles, but lack the ability to activate FDCs or form GCs. It was hypothesized that CD19 expression is necessary for B-cell activation and upregulation of membrane lymphotoxin (mLT) expression,(More)