Louis B. Hersh

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Cerebral deposition of beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptides is an invariant pathological hallmark in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and transgenic mice coexpressing familial AD-linked APP and PS1 variants. We now report that exposure of transgenic mice to an "enriched environment" results in pronounced reductions in cerebral Abeta levels and(More)
The role of protein kinase A in regulating transcription of the cholinergic gene locus, which contains both the vesicular acetylcholine transporter gene and the choline acetyltransferase gene, was investigated in PC12 cells and a protein kinase A-deficient PC12 mutant, A126.1B2, in which transcription of the gene is reduced. The site of action of protein(More)
Excessive cerebral accumulation of the 42-residue amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) is an early and invariant step in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Many studies have examined the cellular production of Abeta from its membrane-bound precursor, including the role of the presenilin proteins therein, but almost nothing is known about how Abeta is degraded(More)
The projections from the Ammon's horn to the cholinergic cell groups in the medial septal and diagonal band nuclei were investigated with anterograde tracing of Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin combined with immunocytochemical detection of choline acetyltransferase, in the rat. Tracer injections were placed into various fields of the septal and temporal(More)
Factors that elevate amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide levels are associated with an increased risk for Alzheimer's disease. Insulysin has been identified as one of several proteases potentially involved in Abeta degradation based on its hydrolysis of Abeta peptides in vitro. In this study, in vivo levels of brain Abeta40 and Abeta42 peptides were found to be(More)
The anatomical organization of cholinergic markers such as acetylcholinesterase, choline acetyltransferase, and nerve growth factor receptors was investigated in the basal ganglia of the human brain. The distribution of choline acetyltransferase-immunoreactive axons and varicosities and their relationship to regional perikarya showed that the caudate,(More)
Insulysin (EC. 3.4.22.11) has been implicated in the clearance of beta amyloid peptides through hydrolytic cleavage. To further study the action of insulysin on Abeta peptides recombinant rat insulysin was used. Cleavage of both Abeta(1-40) and Abeta(1-42) by the recombinant enzyme was shown to initially occur at the His(13)-His(14), His(14)-Gln(15), and(More)
The pars compacta and pars dissipata of the pedunculopontine nucleus contain cholinergic cell group Ch5, and the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus contains cholinergic cell group Ch6. The pedunculopontine nucleus has been implicated in a variety of functions, including mediation of rapid eye movement sleep and in extrapyramidal motor function, although the(More)
The distribution of neurons, fibers and terminal fields in rat brainstem displaying positive immunoreactivity to a polyclonal antiserum to human placental choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) is described. The antiserum was used at the high dilution of 1:10,000 and was coupled with a sensitive detection system using the nickel ammonium sulfate intensification(More)
Among the molecular mechanisms that control the cell division cycle, proteolysis has emerged as a key regulatory process enabling cells to pass critical check points. Such proteolysis involves a cascade of enzymes including a multisubunit complex termed 26S proteasome. Here we report on the analysis of a novel mouse cDNA encoding the puromycin-sensitive(More)