Learn More
To investigate neurocognitive mechanisms associated with task-related expertise development, this paper investigates serial changes in prefrontal activation patterns using functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). We evaluate cortical function in 62 healthy subjects with varying experience during serial evaluations of a knot-tying task. All tasks were(More)
Falling is one of the leading causes of serious health decline or injury-related deaths in the elderly. For survivors of a fall, the resulting health expenses can be a devastating burden, largely because of the long recovery time and potential comorbidities that ensue. The detection of a fall is, therefore, important in care of the elderly for decreasing(More)
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is known to be vital for acquisition of visuomotor skills, but its role in the attainment of complex technical skills which comprise both perceptual and motor components, such as those associated with surgery, remains poorly understood. We hypothesized that the prefrontal response to a surgical knot-tying task would be highly(More)
With the maturity of sensing and pervasive computing techniques, extensive research is being carried out in using different sensing techniques for understanding human behaviour. An introduction to key modalities of pervasive sensing is presented. Behaviour modelling is then highlighted with a focus on probabilistic models. The survey discusses(More)
Activities of daily living are important for assessing changes in physical and behavioral profiles of the general population over time, particularly for the elderly and patients with chronic diseases. Although accelerometers have been used widely in wearable devices for activity classification, the positioning of the sensors and the selection of relevant(More)
—Post surgical care is an important part of the surgical recovery process. With the introduction of minimally invasive surgery (MIS), the recovery time of patients has been shortened significantly. This has led to a shift of postoperative care from hospital to home environment. To prevent the occurrence of adverse events, the care of these patients is(More)
Laparoscopic surgery poses many different constraints for the operating surgeon, resulting in a slow uptake of advanced laparoscopic procedures. Traditional approaches to the assessment of surgical performance rely on prior classification of a cohort of surgeons' technical skills for validation, which may introduce subjective bias to the outcome. In this(More)
—Activities of daily living are important for assessing changes in physical and behavioural profiles of the general population over time, particularly for the elderly and patients with chronic diseases. Although accelerometers are widely integrated with wearable sensors for activity classification, the positioning of the sensors and the selection of(More)
—This paper presents an application of a service-based architecture to pervasive monitoring of the elderly using ambient and wearable sensors. The design consideration of the model addresses heterogeneous computing and network resource utilization, allowing inter-operability and supporting dynamic environments to achieve system wide resource optimization.(More)
Patients going home following major surgery are susceptible to complications such as wound infection, abscess formation, malnutrition, poor analgesia, and depression, all of which can develop after the fifth postoperative day and slow recovery. Although current hospital recovery monitoring systems are effective during perioperative and early postoperative(More)