Louanne Whitman Davis

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Many researchers have hoped vocational rehabilitation might help people with schizophrenia not only to work but also to develop more coherent narratives of their abilities and the boundaries imposed by their condition. This study compared narrative accounts of persons with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (n = 16) generated using the Indiana Psychiatric(More)
A decrease in alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the hippocampus has been hypothesized to contribute to alterations in auditory gating and other behavioral impairments in schizophrenia. However, while both typical and atypical neuroleptics are routinely used in the therapeutics of schizophrenia, little is known about their effects on auditory(More)
Research suggests stigma is a barrier to self-esteem and the attainment of resources in schizophrenia. Less clear is the association of stigma experiences with symptoms and social function both concurrently and prospectively. To assess this, symptoms were measured using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, social function was measured using the Quality(More)
It has been alternately theorized that poor insight in patients with schizophrenia results from deficits in executive function and a preference for denial as a coping strategy. One possibility is there are two distinct groups of persons with poor insight: those with impairments in executive function and those with a generally avoidant coping style. To(More)
It is recognized that persons with schizophrenia tend to cope with stress in a relatively avoidant and ineffectual manner and that this coping style is linked to poorer outcome. Less is understood, however, about the interrelationship between symptoms, deficits in neurocognition and coping style in schizophrenia. To determine the extent to which various(More)
Cluster B personality traits have been detected in persons with schizophrenia, at a rate exceeding that of the general population. Unclear, however, is how to account for such high rates of Cluster B traits. Accordingly, this study explored the hypothesis that the presence of these traits may be linked to impairments in neurocognition, and childhood abuse(More)
Cross-section research suggests reported childhood abuse in schizophrenia spectrum disorders is linked with graver symptom levels and social dysfunction. To examine this prospectively, we compared biweekly ratings of positive and emotional discomfort symptoms and weekly accounts of hours worked over 4 months of rehabilitation of 12 participants with(More)
The present study examined the jumping to conclusions reasoning bias across the continuum of delusional ideation by investigating individuals with active delusions, delusion prone individuals, and non-delusion prone individuals. Neutral and highly self-referent probabilistic reasoning tasks were employed. Results indicated that individuals with delusions(More)
This study examined whether history of childhood sexual abuse in schizophrenia is linked with severity of vocational deficits. Work performance was measured using the Work Behavior Inventory and hours of work performed in a vocational rehabilitation program and then compared for 12 participants with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder reporting abuse(More)
While the attributions of people with schizophrenia have been hypothesized to play a role in determining social behavior, contradictory predictions can be made about exactly what type of attributions contribute to social dysfunction. One possibility is that attributing undesirable events to internal, stable, and global factors might lead to poorer social(More)