Lou A. Smets

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pH-mediated conversions in the structure of the topoisomerase (topo) I inhibitors camptothecin (CPT) and its analogues have strong implications for the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of these novel anticancer agents. Because the cell-penetrating and biologically active lactone isomers predominate at acidic conditions, we have tested if low pH(More)
Radiodinated meta-iodobenzylguandine (MIBG) is increasingly used for the diagnosis and targeted radiotherapy of neuro-adrenergic tumors. We have investigated various conditions for specific tumor loading and prolonged retention of this radiopharmaceutical in poorly differentiated SK-N-SH neuroblastoma and highly differentiated PC-12 pheochromocytoma cells.(More)
The interstitial pH of RIF-1 tumors was selectively lowered by i.p. administration of the mitochondrial inhibitor meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG; 40-100 mg/kg), supported by sustained moderate hyperglycemia (plasma glucose concentration, 14 mM) in rats or by a single i.p. bolus injection of glucose (1.5 g/kg) in mice. Responses were evaluated in a(More)
Programmed cell death (apoptosis) is a conserved, natural mechanism for the removal of redundant and unwanted cells during normal development. This article reviews the evidence that apoptosis may also control the response of tumor cells to treatment with cytostatic drugs. Whereas most clinically used anti-cancer drugs can activate late events of apoptosis(More)
meta-Iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) is a multipotent drug used in its radiolabeled form as a tumor-seeking radiopharmaceutical in the diagnosis and treatment of pheochromocytoma and neuroblastoma. Nonradiolabeled MIBG has also proved to be effective in the palliation of carcinoid syndromes and, on a predosing schedule, in enhancing the relative tumor uptake of(More)
The adrenomedulla-imaging agent meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) is concentrated by various tumours of neuroectodermal origin. Radio-iodinated [131I]MIBG is therefore increasingly used for diagnosis and therapy of these disorders. To study the cause of thrombocytopenia associated with [131I]MIBG therapy, we investigated the uptake of MIBG in human platelets(More)
meta-Iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) is a high-affinity substrate for mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferase of cholera toxin and turkey erythrocyte membranes (Loesberg, C., Van Rooij, H. and Smets, L.A.(1990) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1037, 92-99). In the present study the drug was investigated as a potential inhibitor of intracellular ribosyltransferases by competition(More)
The effect of the alkyl lysophospholipid racemic-1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methyl glycero-3-phosphocholine on the expression of cell surface carbohydrates of four matched pairs of normal and malignant cells was studied using chromatographic techniques. After treatment with alkyl lysophospholipid, glycopeptides proteolytically derived from normal and malignant cells(More)
Tumour-selective acidification is of potential interest for enhanced therapeutic gain of pH sensitive drugs. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of a tumour-selective reduction of the extracellular and intracellular pH and their effect on the tumour response of selected anti-cancer drugs. In an in vitro L1210 leukaemic cell model, we confirmed(More)
Various strategies to improve the therapeutic index of anticancer agents aim at inducing, by stimulation of aerobic glycolysis, temporary pH differences between malignant and normal tissues which can be exploited to activate cytotoxic agents selectively in tumors. We have investigated whether the pH reduction induced by glucose, the "drug" commonly used to(More)