Lothar Wiese

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BACKGROUND Cerebral malaria (CM) is an acute encephalopathy in humans due to the infection with Plasmodium falciparum. Neuro-cognitive impairment following CM occurs in about 10% of the treated survivors, while the precise pathophysiological mechanism remains unknown. Metallothionein I + II (MT-I + II) are increased during CNS pathology and disorders. As(More)
Malaria may be misdiagnosed in non-endemic countries when the necessary experience for rapid expert microscopy is lacking. Rapid diagnostic tests may improve the diagnosis and may play a role as a bedside diagnostic tool. In a multicentre study we recruited patients suspected of malaria over a period of 14 months. The Binax Now Malaria rapid test was used(More)
Cerebral malaria (CM) is an acute encephalopathy with increased pro-inflammatory cytokines, sequestration of parasitized erythrocytes and localized ischaemia. In children CM induces cognitive impairment in about 10% of the survivors. Erythropoietin (Epo) has – besides of its well known haematopoietic properties – significant anti-inflammatory, antioxidant(More)
BACKGROUND Data on risk factors and rates of reinfection associated with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) are sparse. METHODS We conducted a nationwide cohort study of cases of SAB diagnosed between 1995 and 2008. Reinfection was defined as an episode of SAB more than 90 days after the initial episode of SAB. Comorbidity was evaluated by the(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin A supplementation (VAS) decreases overall child mortality in low-income countries. For logistical reasons, VAS has been linked to routine childhood immunizations. However, several recent studies have indicated that VAS may increase mortality and morbidity from infectious diseases when given with the diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP)(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS We prospectively studied the outcome of endoscopic sphincterotomy in symptomatic patients with elevated liver enzyme levels but no clear evidence of biliary pathology on transabdominal ultrasound and diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC). METHODS 29 consecutive patients with biliary-type pain (two or more out of(More)
A gas chromatographic on-column methylation technique was developed for the routine laboratory determination of 5-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-5-phenylhydantoin (p-HPPH), the principal urinary product of phenytoin )PHT) metabolism in man. 5-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-5-(p-tolyl)hydantoin (HMPPH), a new internal standard, was synthesized and evaluated against(More)
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an important helminthic zoonotic disease that commonly affects the liver and lungs. Imaging methods and serology establish the diagnosis in most cases. Chest x-ray can diagnose uncomplicated pulmonary hydatid cysts, whereas superinfection and/or rupture of the hydatid cyst (complicated cysts) may change the radiographic(More)
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