Lothar Terfloth

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Quantitative structure-activity relationship modeling is one of the major computational tools employed in medicinal chemistry. However, throughout its entire history it has drawn both praise and criticism concerning its reliability, limitations, successes, and failures. In this paper, we discuss (i) the development and evolution of QSAR; (ii) the current(More)
A data set of 379 drugs and drug analogs that are metabolized by human cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms 3A4, 2D6, and 2C9, respectively, was studied. A series of descriptor sets directly calculable from the constitution of these drugs was systematically investigated as to their power into classifying a compound into the CYP isoform that metabolizes it. In a(More)
Chemotypes are a new approach for representing molecules, chemical substructures and patterns, reaction rules, and reactions. Chemotypes are capable of integrating types of information beyond what is possible using current representation methods (e.g., SMARTS patterns) or reaction transformations (e.g., SMIRKS, reaction SMILES). Chemotypes are expressed in(More)
A variety of sesquiterpene lactones (SLs) possess considerable anti-inflammatory activity. Several studies have shown that they exert this effect in part by inhibiting the activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB. In the present study we elaborated on the investigation of a data set of 103 structurally diverse SLs for which we had previously(More)
Each drug can potentially be metabolized by different CYP450 isoforms. In the development of new drugs, the prediction of the metabolic fate is important to prevent drug-drug interactions. In the present study, a collection of 580 CYP450 substrates is deeply analyzed by applying multi- and single-label classification strategies, after the computation and(More)
Some organic weak bases induce a detachment from inner lysosomal membranes and subsequent inactivation of acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) and thus work as functional ASM inhibitors. The aim of the present investigation was to develop a structure-property-activity relation (SPAR) model in order to specify the structural and physicochemical characteristics of(More)
We describe a hitherto unknown feature for 27 small drug-like molecules, namely functional inhibition of acid sphingomyelinase (ASM). These entities named FIASMAs (Functional Inhibitors of Acid SphingoMyelinAse), therefore, can be potentially used to treat diseases associated with enhanced activity of ASM, such as Alzheimer's disease, major depression,(More)
This work describes an application of artificial neural networks on a small data set of sesquiterpene lactones (STLs) of three tribes of the family Asteraceae. Structurally different types of representative STLs from seven subtribes of the tribes Eupatorieae, Heliantheae and Vernonieae were selected as input data for self-organizing neural networks.(More)
Nature, especially the plant kingdom, is a rich source for novel bioactive compounds that can be used as lead compounds for drug development. In order to exploit this resource, the two neural network-based virtual screening techniques novelty detection with self-organizing maps (SOMs) and counterpropagation neural network were evaluated as tools for(More)