Lothar Spillmann

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When a dark chromatic contour delineating a figure is flanked on the inside by a brighter chromatic contour, the brighter color will spread into the entire enclosed area. This is known as the watercolor effect (WCE). Here we quantified the effect of color spreading using both color-matching and hue-cancellation tasks. Over a wide range of stimulus(More)
The watercolor effect (WCE) is a phenomenon of long-range color assimilation occurring when a dark chromatic contour delineating a figure is flanked on the inside by a brighter chromatic contour; the brighter color spreads into the entire enclosed area. Here, we determined the optimal chromatic parameters and the cone signals supporting the WCE. To that(More)
In human perception, figure-ground segregation suggests that stereoscopic cues are grouped over wide areas of the visual field. For example, two abutting rectangles of equal luminance and size are seen as a uniform surface when presented at the same depth, but appear as two surfaces separated by an illusory contour and a step in depth when presented with(More)
Gray disks inserted into the central gaps of an Ehrenstein pattern appear to lighten up and scintillate with each movement of the eye or stimulus pattern. We call this phenomenon scintillating lustre. Both phenomena-illusory brightness and scintillating lustre-depend on the presence of the radial inducing lines converging onto the gaps. Without the radii(More)
We studied the perception of a coherently moving group of collinearly arranged dots ("target dots") that traveled orthogonally to their linear orientation within a background of noise dots moving in random yet straight directions at constant speed ("random-direction noise"). Using a 2-interval forced-choice task we obtained coherence thresholds equal to a(More)
Color assimilation with bichromatic contours was quantified for spatial extents ranging from von Bezold-type color assimilation to the watercolor effect. The magnitude and direction of assimilative hue change was measured as a function of the width of a rectangular stimulus. Assimilation was quantified by hue cancellation. Large hue shifts were required to(More)
Color induction was measured using a matching method for two spatial patterns, each composed of double contours. In one pattern (the standard), the contours had sharp edges to induce the Watercolor Effect (WCE); in the other, the two contours had a spatial taper so that the overall profile produced a sawtooth edge, or ramped stimulus. These patterns were(More)
We studied the time course of apparent rotation and directional reversal in Leviant's Enigma figure. On average, periods of clockwise rotation lasted 5.0 s as opposed to 4.4 for counter-clockwise rotation, resulting in an average reversal frequency of 6.4 within 30 s. At the beginning of a trial, clockwise rotation was perceived almost twice as often as(More)