Lothar Lilge

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Immediate (acute) neuronal damage in response to overstimulation of glutamate receptors results from toxic exposure to food poisons acting as glutamate analogues. Glutamate agonist application evokes dramatic intrinsic optical signals (IOSs) in the rat hippocampal slice preparation, particularly in the CA1 region. Theoretically IOSs are generated by(More)
PURPOSE Anticancer drugs gain access to solid tumors via the circulatory system and must penetrate the tissue to kill cancer cells. Here, we study the distribution of doxorubicin in relation to blood vessels and regions of hypoxia in solid tumors of mice. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The distribution of doxorubicin was quantified by immunofluorescence in relation(More)
A highly optimized Monte Carlo (MC) code package for simulating light transport is developed on the latest graphics processing unit (GPU) built for general-purpose computing from NVIDIA - the Fermi GPU. In biomedical optics, the MC method is the gold standard approach for simulating light transport in biological tissue, both due to its accuracy and its(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The reactive oxygen mechanisms associated with cell damage after photodynamic therapy (PDT) may be exploited to enhance tumor destruction. Pharmacological reduction of glutathione (GSH), an inhibitor of reactive oxygen species, can be induced by administration of buthionine sulfoximine (BSO). STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS BSO(More)
Dosimetry for photodynamic therapy (PDT) is becoming increasingly complex as more factors are identified which may influence the effectiveness of a given treatment. The simple prescription of a PDT treatment in terms of the administered photosensitizer dose, the incident light and the drug-light time interval does not account for patient-to-patient(More)
There is increasing attention to prevention as a means to reduce cancer incidence. Prevention interventions or therapies in turn rely on risk assessment programs to identify those women most likely to benefit from education and lifestyle changes. These programs are usually based either on interviews to identify ethnic, genetic, and lifestyle factors(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Fluorescence image-guided brain tumor resection is thought to assist neurosurgeons by visualizing those tumor margins that merge imperceptibly into normal brain tissue and, hence, are difficult to identify. We compared resection completeness and residual tumor, determined by histopathology, after white light resection (WLR) using(More)
The absorption and transport scattering coefficients of biological tissues determine the radial dependence of the diffuse reflectance that is due to a point source. A system is described for making remote measurements of spatially resolved absolute diffuse reflectance and hence noninvasive, noncontact estimates of the tissue optical properties. The system(More)
Transillumination breast spectroscopy (TiBS) uses nonionizing optical radiation to gain information about tissue properties directly from the breast. TiBS measurements were obtained from 225 women with normal mammograms. Principal component analysis was used to reduce the spectral data set into four principal components and to generate four TiBS scores(More)
The effect of Photofrin encapsulated in a liposome delivery vehicle for photodynamic therapy (PDT) of the 9L gliosarcoma and normal rat brain was tested. We hypothesized that the liposome vehicle enhances therapeutic efficacy, possibly by increasing tumor tissue concentration of Photofrin. Male Fisher rats bearing a 9L gliosarcoma were treated 16 days after(More)