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BACKGROUND Patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at high risk for airway obstruction and hypoxia at the accident scene, and routine prehospital endotracheal intubation has been widely advocated. However, the effects on outcome are unclear. We therefore aim to determine effects of prehospital intubation on mortality and hypothesize that such(More)
Conventional cardiovascular monitoring may not detect tissue hypoxia, and conventional cardiovascular support aiming at global hemodynamics may not restore tissue oxygenation. NIRS offers non-invasive online monitoring of tissue oxygenation in a wide range of clinical scenarios. NIRS monitoring is commonly used to measure cerebral oxygenation (rSO(2)), e.g.(More)
Invasive cardiac output (CO) monitoring, traditionally performed with transpulmonary thermodilution techniques, is usually reserved for high-risk patients because of the inherent risks of these methods. In contrast, transesophageal Doppler (TED) technology offers a safe, quick, and less invasive method for routine measurements of CO. After esophageal(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on gastric mucosal oxygen saturation assessed by reflectance spectrophotometry in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. DESIGN Prospective, observational study. SETTING A division of cardiothoracic anesthesia in a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS Twelve consecutive(More)
Due to growing interest in murine functional genomics research, there is an increasing need for physiological stable in vivo murine models. Of special importance is support and control of ventilation by artificial respiration, which is difficult to execute as a consequence of the small size of the animal and the technically demanding breathing pattern. In(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE During high epidural anaesthesia, endothelin only contributes minimally to blood pressure stabilization. This phenomenon could result from the inhibitory action of nitric oxide on the endothelin system. To clarify this, we studied the interaction between nitric oxide and endothelin during high epidural anaesthesia in conscious dogs,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Aortic ischaemia and reperfusion may induce pulmonary sequestration of neutrophil granulocytes. Preconditioning and postconditioning with volatile anaesthetics confer protection against reperfusion injury in various organs, such as heart, kidneys or brain. We tested the hypothesis that pre- or postconditioning with Sevoflurane(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of levosimendan, a novel inotropic vasodilator (inodilator), on the microvascular gastric mucosal hemoglobin oxygenation (muHbo(2)) is unknown. A possible effect could thereby be selective for the splanchnic region or could primarily reflect changes in systemic oxygen transport (Do(2)) and/or oxygen consumption (Vo(2). We compared(More)
BACKGROUND Perioperative disturbances of microvascular blood flow and oxygenation in the intestinal tract have been hypothesized to play an important role in development of the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Herein, increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) has been identified as a key factor in the initiation of the pathophysiologic cascade. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Adequate oxygenation of the gastrointestinal mucosa to preserve its barrier function is a basic objective in the prevention of multiple organ failure. Sustaining a positive airway pressure during the entire respiratory cycle remains a cornerstone in the therapeutic regimen to improve systemic oxygenation. Whereas increased systemic oxygenation(More)