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Adventitious bud clusters of date palm 'Barhee' were successfully established from juvenile leaves (<1cm) using reduced amounts of 2,4-D (0.2mgL(-1)) to limit the risk of somaclonal variation. An average of 8.4 adventitious buds per explant were obtained. Histological examination showed that the superficial cell layers of leaves had the highest caulogenic(More)
An improved protocol is described for the large-scale micropropagation of an elite date palm ( Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivar, Deglet Nour. Clonal plants were regenerated from somatic embryos derived from highly proliferating suspension cultures. Friable embryogenic calli were initiated from both leaf and inflorescence explants. Suspension cultures(More)
Obesity is a serious health problem that increases the risk of many complications, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This study aims to evaluate, for the first time, the effects of oxaziridine 3 on lipoprotein lipase activity in the serum of rats fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) on body weight, lipid profile and liver-kidney functions. The(More)
We report here the isolation and functional analysis of AlTMP1 gene encoding a member of the PMP3 protein family. In Aeluropus littoralis, AlTMP1 is highly induced by abscisic acid (ABA), cold, salt, and osmotic stresses. Transgenic tobacco expressing AlTMP1 exhibited enhanced tolerance to salt, osmotic, H₂O₂, heat and freezing stresses at the seedling(More)
Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cv. Khenizi caulogenic meristems were initiated from achlorophyllous leaves excised from in vitro shoot cultures and then proliferated on a specific culture medium supplemented with 70 g dm−3 sucrose. Regeneration rates obtained when using standard vitrification, droplet-vitrification, and encapsulation-vitrification(More)
The present study investigates the hypolipidemic effects of sulphated polysaccharide obtained from Codium fragile (CFSP) in induced obese rats (HFD). The results showed an increase in body weight of HFD rats by 21.56% as compared to control normal rats. Moreover, serum lipase activity underwent an increase which led to an increase in the levels of total(More)
We describe the development of an efficient cryopreservation protocol for proembryogenic masses (PEMs) of date palm variety 'Barhee'. Proembryos were induced by inoculating small pieces of juvenile leaves on MS medium supplemented with 0.3 mg per liter 2,4-D. Application of these in vitro conditions led to true-to-type plants as observed after plant(More)
The objective of this current study was to investigate the possible hyperlipidemic and antioxidative effects of Cystoseira crinita sulfated polysaccharide (CCSP) in rats fed with a high-fat diet, exhibited an inhibitory activity on pancreatic lipase in vitro. In vivo administration of this extract to HFD-rats lowered body weight and potentially inhibited(More)
Monitoring some parameters would help to overcome the difficulties that can affect in vitro-grown plants during the crucial step of their acclimatization. Thus, after the determination of net photosynthesis and other parameters during acclimatization of in vitro-grown olive plantlets, we concluded that three months after the transfer to ex vitro, the in(More)
The present study investigated the effect of the Cystoseira crinita sulfated polysaccharide (CCSP) on key enzymes activities related to diabetes in vitro and in diabetic rats. We found that CCSP inhibited pancreatic α-amylase with IC50 = 39.16 μg/ml and angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity with IC50 = 58.35 μg/ml in vitro. In diabetic rats, the(More)
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