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An improved protocol is described for the large-scale micropropagation of an elite date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivar, Deglet Nour. Clonal plants were regenerated from somatic embryos derived from highly proliferating suspension cultures. Friable embryogenic calli were initiated from both leaf and inflorescence explants. Suspension cultures(More)
Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cv. Khenizi caulogenic meristems were initiated from achlorophyllous leaves excised from in vitro shoot cultures and then proliferated on a specific culture medium supplemented with 70 g dm−3 sucrose. Regeneration rates obtained when using standard vitrification, droplet-vitrification, and encapsulation-vitrification(More)
Adventitious bud clusters of date palm 'Barhee' were successfully established from juvenile leaves (<1cm) using reduced amounts of 2,4-D (0.2mgL(-1)) to limit the risk of somaclonal variation. An average of 8.4 adventitious buds per explant were obtained. Histological examination showed that the superficial cell layers of leaves had the highest caulogenic(More)
Obesity is a serious health problem that increases the risk of many complications, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This study aims to evaluate, for the first time, the effects of oxaziridine 3 on lipoprotein lipase activity in the serum of rats fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) on body weight, lipid profile and liver-kidney functions. The(More)
Monitoring some parameters would help to overcome the difficulties that can affect in vitro-grown plants during the crucial step of their acclimatization. Thus, after the determination of net photosynthesis and other parameters during acclimatization of in vitro-grown olive plantlets, we concluded that three months after the transfer to ex vitro, the in(More)
Cryopreservation is the technology of choice not only for plant genetic resource preservation but also for virus eradication and for the efficient management of large-scale micropropagation. In this chapter, we describe three cryopreservation protocols (standard vitrification, droplet vitrification, and encapsulation vitrification) for date palm highly(More)
We describe the development of an efficient cryopreservation protocol for proembryogenic masses (PEMs) of date palm variety 'Barhee'. Proembryos were induced by inoculating small pieces of juvenile leaves on MS medium supplemented with 0.3 mg per liter 2,4-D. Application of these in vitro conditions led to true-to-type plants as observed after plant(More)
This chapter describes an efficient protocol for large-scale micropropagation of date palm. Somatic embryo-derived plants are regenerated from highly proliferating suspension cultures. Friable embryogenic callus is initiated from juvenile leaves using slightly modified Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 0.1 mg/L 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid(More)
The present study investigated the effect of the Cystoseira crinita sulfated polysaccharide (CCSP) on key enzymes activities related to diabetes in vitro and in diabetic rats. We found that CCSP inhibited pancreatic α-amylase with IC50 = 39.16 μg/ml and angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity with IC50 = 58.35 μg/ml in vitro. In diabetic rats, the(More)
The objective of this current study was to investigate the possible hyperlipidemic and antioxidative effects of Cystoseira crinita sulfated polysaccharide (CCSP) in rats fed with a high-fat diet, exhibited an inhibitory activity on pancreatic lipase in vitro. In vivo administration of this extract to HFD-rats lowered body weight and potentially inhibited(More)