A fuzzy set is a class of objects with a continuum of grades of membership. Such a set is characterized by a membership (characteristic) function which assigns to each object a grade of membership… (More)

By a linguistic variable we mean a variable whose values are words or sentences in a natural or artificial language. I:or example, Age is a linguistic variable if its values are linguistic rather… (More)

In the classical approach to probability theory, an event, A, is defined as a member of a o-field,,d, of subsets of a sample space ft. Thus, ifP is a normed measure over a measurable space (a,_~#),… (More)

The approach described in this paper represents a substantheory in the design of highly accurate space navigation tive departure from the conventional quantitative techniques of system systems have… (More)

There are three basic concepts that underlie human cognition: granulation, organization and causation. Informally, granulation involves decomposition of whole into parts; organization involves… (More)

Interest in issues relating to consciousness has grown markedly during the last several years. And yet, nobody can claim that consciousness is a well-understood concept that lends itself to precise… (More)

The notion of “similarity” as defined in this paper is essentially a generalization of the notion of equivalence. In the same vein, a fuzzy ordering is a generalization of the concept of ordering.… (More)

n retrospect, the yeat 1990 may well be viewed as the beginning of a new trend in the design of household appliances, consumer electronics, cameras, and other types of widely used consumer products.… (More)