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Recent political, economic, and cultural changes in Mongolia make its large proportion of young people vulnerable to HIV infection. While there had been only two clinical cases of HIV in Mongolia by the year 2000, the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is on the rise, especially among people aged 15-24. Little is known about the social and(More)
BACKGROUND A key aim of countries with high maternal mortality rates is to increase availability of competent maternal health care during pregnancy and childbirth. Yet, despite significant investment, countries with the highest burdens have not reduced their rates to the expected levels. We argue, taking Pakistan as a case study, that improving physical(More)
Background This paper presents critical realism (CR) as an innovative system for research in tobacco prevention and control. CR argues that underlying mechanisms are considered and explored to ensure effective implementation of any program/policy or intervention. Any intervention or program/policy that is transposed from one country to another or one(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effectiveness of a 3-year human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention program for adolescents attending secondary school in Mongolia. METHODS Comparisons of knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy and safe sex practices of grade 10 students from schools with a peer education prevention program to grade 10 students from schools(More)
PURPOSE Investigate whether TV viewing and recognition of snack food advertisements were associated with snack food consumption and the odds of being overweight or obese. DESIGN Cross-sectional internet-based survey. SETTING University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. SUBJECTS Undergraduate university students aged 18 to 25 years (N = 613). MEASURES(More)
We conducted a qualitative study of women who were caregivers for HIV/AIDS-affected spouses in Bumbu Zone, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo in 2003. Twelve caregiving women, six home-based care workers and five key informants were interviewed via focus group discussions. Most women reported huge problems in providing care to their spouses due to(More)
UNLABELLED Adolescent health in Kabarole district, Uganda, is seriously jeopardized by both high teenage pregnancy rates and high rates of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV infection. OBJECTIVES To elucidate views, perceptions and attitudes of key informants who are involved in the delivery of reproductive health services to adolescents. (More)
We conducted a cross-sectional study on women who were caregivers of HIV/AIDS-affected spouses in Bumbu in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. The sample consisted of 80 women randomly selected from a client visitation list of the home-based care program for AIDS patients. A semi-structured questionnaire was applied. A self-reported health status was(More)
OBJECTIVES Racial discrimination is an established life course social determinant of health associated with adverse psychological outcomes among minority populations. However, little is known about the extent to which Aboriginal people in Canada may experience racial discrimination and consequent adverse psychological effects. This study sought to measure(More)
This study conducted in Uganda assessed the nutritional status of young children and their disease history in the 3-month period before the study. Two groups of children were randomly selected: the first group consisted of 105 children living in homes where a family member fell sick of AIDS, whereas the second group consisted of 100 children who were living(More)