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OBJECTIVE Few population-based studies have explored differences in alcohol consumption by sexual orientation. This study examined the prevalence of abstinence, drinking, heavier drinking, alcohol-related problems, alcohol dependence and help-seeking among homosexual and bisexual women and men compared with heterosexuals. METHOD Data are from the 2000(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study is to compare changes in the definitions of drunkenness and feeling the effects of drinking between 1979 and 1995 in US surveys, and compare three measures of heavier drinking as predictors of negative consequences of heavier alcohol use. DESIGN A trend analysis using the 1979 (N = 1772) and 1995 (N = 2178) US National(More)
AIMS AND DESIGN In order to assess the effects of survey modality on alcohol consumption estimates, data from two surveys using different interview modes (face-to-face and telephone) were compared on several alcohol measures. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Face-to-face survey data were drawn from the 1990 National Alcohol Survey, while the telephone data came(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to examine whether or not alcohol access in neighborhood areas is differentially related to substantiated reports of child physical abuse and neglect. METHOD This cross-sectional ecological study uses spatial regression procedures to examine the relationship between the number of bars, restaurants and off-premise(More)
To assess the short-term effect of retirement on mental health and health behaviors of members of a health maintenance organization aged 60-66, questionnaires were completed in 1985 and 1987 by employed members planning to retire during the study period and those not planning to retire. Mental health and health behaviors of members who actually retired (n =(More)
This study examined patterns of smoked substances (cigarettes and marijuana) among heterosexuals, gays, lesbians, and bisexuals based on data from the 2000 National Alcohol Survey, a population-based telephone survey of adults in the United States. We also examined the effect of bar patronage and sensation seeking/impulsivity (SSImp) on tobacco and(More)
Sexual risk for HIV transmission under the influence of alcohol and/or other drugs is not simply a cause-effect relationship: not everyone who drinks or uses other drugs has unprotected sex. The purpose of this study is to explore differences between substance using gay/bisexual men who use condoms during anal sex from those who do not. These differences(More)
In an era of biomedicalization where findings in genetic and neurobiological research are seen as "breakthroughs" by the media and hence by the general public, it is important for social scientists to acknowledge the effect of their contributions to the alcohol field not only to their own colleagues but also to the public at-large. Contributions of social(More)
The relation between alcohol problems and sense of coherence (SOC), a salutogenic model developed by Antonovsky, was assessed on a sample of 952 older members of a health maintenance organization. Data on alcohol problems (5-item index) and SOC (9-item scale) were obtained from mailed questionnaires. Multiple regression analyses indicated that SOC was a(More)