Lorraine T Midanik

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OBJECTIVE Few population-based studies have explored differences in alcohol consumption by sexual orientation. This study examined the prevalence of abstinence, drinking, heavier drinking, alcohol-related problems, alcohol dependence and help-seeking among homosexual and bisexual women and men compared with heterosexuals. METHOD Data are from the 2000(More)
To assess the short-term effect of retirement on mental health and health behaviors of members of a health maintenance organization aged 60-66, questionnaires were completed in 1985 and 1987 by employed members planning to retire during the study period and those not planning to retire. Mental health and health behaviors of members who actually retired (n =(More)
Binge drinking is a substantial and growing health problem. Community norms about drinking and drunkenness may influence individual drinking problems. Using data from the New York Social Environment Study (n = 4,000) conducted in 2005, the authors examined the relation between aspects of the neighborhood drinking culture and individual alcohol use. They(More)
OBJECTIVE Extensive use of specific social contexts (bars and parties, for instance) by homosexuals and bisexuals is thought to be a factor in the higher rates of drinking among these groups. However, much of the empirical evidence behind these assumptions has been based on studies with methodological or sampling shortcomings. This article examines the(More)
This study examined patterns of smoked substances (cigarettes and marijuana) among heterosexuals, gays, lesbians, and bisexuals based on data from the 2000 National Alcohol Survey, a population-based telephone survey of adults in the United States. We also examined the effect of bar patronage and sensation seeking/impulsivity (SSImp) on tobacco and(More)
Decisions concerning appropriate treatment in alcoholism programs are often based on the self-reports of the clients. However, few programs have incorporated validation procedures (such as breath tests) since it is generally assumed that alcoholics will deny the extent of their drinking and their subsequent alcohol problems. The self-reports of recent(More)
A 7-day recall measure of alcohol consumption was compared with two summary measures (a quantity/frequency scale and an overall summary measure) for 535 persons who had health examinations in a prepaid health plan. The data showed relatively strong correlations between the 7-day recall measure and the summary measures. Generally, the 7-day recall method(More)
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