This communication briefly reviews characteristics of glutamate transport in the central nervous system and is involved in the aetiology of slow neurodegenerative diseases. Data in the literature suggest that antisense oligonucleotides targeted against glutamate transporters and administered in vivo over a period of days could be used to test the… (More)
It has been reported that suramin, an anthelminthic, trypanocidal agent and an inhibitor of P2 receptors, may antagonise N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of the excitatory amino acid receptors. Both NMDA receptors and P2X subclass of P2 receptors are ligand-gated Ca2+-selective channels and, since the increased influx of Ca2+ into neurons has been linked… (More)
The treatment of baclofen overdose is primarily supportive. There have been case reports of hemodialysis being used in patients with chronic kidney disease with baclofen overdose. A case report of hemodialysis in a baclofen-overdose patient with normal renal function is presented. Review of literature has also been provided.
Suramin, which has been used for more than 50 years as an anthelmintic in humans, has recently been shown to inhibit P2 purinoceptors in the CNS and to block glutamate-evoked excitatory potentials in hippocampus. We now report that suramin inhibits (IC50 approximately 100 microM) the binding of [3H]CGP 39653, a ligand specific for NMDA-type glutamate… (More)
BACKGROUND It is increasingly evident that visceral adipose tissue plays a leading role in the pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome. Unfortunately, accurate quantification of intra-abdominal visceral fat is cumbersome and expensive. Epicardial fat represents the component of visceral fat distributed around the heart, and is readily and non-invasively… (More)
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a known complication of using ovulation induction drugs in assisted reproductive techniques. Its incidence and severity vary. Tuberculosis is a very common disease in the developing world, and ascites is one of its sequelae. The newer aids in diagnosing tuberculosis include measuring levels of Adenosine DeAminase… (More)
Sodium-dependent binding of [3H]L-aspartate was studied in thaw-mounted horizontal sections of fresh-frozen (i.e. not fixed) rat brain. After the incubation with [3H]L-aspartate, the sections were exposed against a 3H-sensitive film and the resulting autoradiograms were evaluated by quantitative densitometry. Effects of several inhibitors were examined and… (More)
Quantitative autoradiography of [3H]L-aspartate binding in thaw-mounted sections of rat brain has shown that L-trans-pyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate and D-threo-3-hydroxyaspartate but not DL-2 aminoadipate strongly interacted with the binding sites while dihydrokainate, kainate and beta-aminoadipate produced only weak effects. The potency of inhibitors did… (More)