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Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection of the genitourinary tract is an uncommon disease in renal transplant recipients and presentation is atypical. Genitourinary tuberculosis is associated with graft rejection, and this diagnosis should be considered for renal transplant recipients with unexplained fever and constitutional symptoms.
Cytomegalovirus, seen in more than 50% of solid organ transplant recipients, is responsible for numerous direct and indirect consequences, including infection with opportunistic pathogens and allograft rejection. Prophylaxis with intravenous ganciclovir has been the gold standard for prevention; however, intravenous treatment is expensive and carries risks(More)
BACKGROUND The frequency of bacterial infections (BI) in intestinal transplant (IT) patients is high with sepsis being the leading cause of death after this procedure. We herein report our experience with major BI to ascertain the incidence, microbiological and clinical factors, risk factors and outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS 124 patients (72 children and(More)
A fatal case of cerebral mucormycosis occurring shortly after liver transplantation is described. The patient was a 32-yr-old male with advanced end-stage liver disease manifested by tense ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, deepening jaundice and anuria requiring hemodialysis. The 3rd day after successful liver transplantation the patient developed(More)
Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis is a rare disease caused by dematiaceous (darkly pigmented) fungi. Cladophialophora species are highly neurotropic, and Cladophialophora bantiana (synonym=Xylohypha bantiana or C. trichoides) is the most commonly identified agent. Most reported cases of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis have occurred in immunocompetent patients; however,(More)
BACKGROUND Leishmaniasis is an infection caused by a protozoan parasite belonging to genus Leishmania and transmitted by the Phlebotomus sandfly. Clinical presentations of infection include visceral, cutaneous, and mucocutaneous forms. Leishmaniasis is endemic in Africa, Asia, Europe, South America, and southern part of North America. This infection is(More)
Vibrio vulnificus is responsible for severe infections in chronically ill patients. Organ transplant recipients are also at risk for severe infections due to V vulnificus. We report here the first case of V. vulnificus primary bacteremia due to raw shellfish consumption in a liver transplant recipient. All transplant patients should be cautioned against(More)
Cryptosporidium parvum causes severe long-standing diarrhea in immunocompromised patients. Sclerosing cholangitis caused by C. parvum is a rare complication in transplant recipients. We report herein the presentation of Cryptosporidium-associated cholangitis in an adult liver transplant patient diagnosed by liver biopsy. The patient improved on treatment(More)