Lorraine Lawrence

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Machado-Joseph disease (MJD; MIM 109150) is a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract within the MJD1 gene. We have previously reported the generation of human yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) constructs encompassing the MJD1 locus into which expanded (CAG)(76) and (CAG)(84) repeat motifs have been introduced(More)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by an unstable GAA repeat expansion mutation within intron 1 of the FXN gene. However, the origins of the GAA repeat expansion, its unstable dynamics within different cells and tissues, and its effects on frataxin expression are not yet completely understood. Therefore, we have chosen to(More)
We have generated and characterised transgenic mice that contain the entire Friedreich's ataxia gene (FRDA) within a human YAC clone of 370 kb. In an effort to overcome the embryonic lethality of homozygous Frda knockout mice and to study the behaviour of human frataxin in a mouse cellular environment, we bred the FRDA YAC transgene onto the null mouse(More)
Inefficient gene transfer, inaccessibility of stem cell compartments, transient gene expression, and adverse immune and inflammatory reactions to vector and transgenic protein are major barriers to successful in vivo application of gene therapy for most genetic diseases. Prenatal gene therapy with integrating vectors may overcome these problems and prevent(More)
Gene therapy for Duchenne muscular dystrophy has so far not been successful because of the difficulty in achieving efficient and permanent gene transfer to the large number of affected muscles and the development of immune reactions against vector and transgenic protein. In addition, the prenatal onset of disease complicates postnatal gene therapy. We have(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is produced by cancer cells in response to hypoxia and is the primary stimulant of vascularization in solid tumors. Endothelial cells lining the blood vessels of these tumors have a high concentration of receptor-bound VEGF on their surface, providing a target for antibody- directed cancer therapy. To obtain a(More)
Gene transfer to the trachea and airways by adenoviral vectors is limited by the basolateral localization of viral receptors, resulting in relatively low levels of transduction. Modification of paracellular permeability by sodium caprate, which opens tight junctions, enhances gene transfer from the apical side of cultured human airway epithelial cells.(More)
Targeting gene therapy vectors to the fetal intestinal tract could provide a novel means toward prevention of the early postnatal intestinal pathology of cystic fibrosis and other conditions, such as congenital enteropathy, that cause intestinal failure. Among these conditions, cystic fibrosis is by far the most common lethal genetic disease. It is caused(More)
The hair follicle undergoes a cycle of growing, regressing, and resting phases (anagen, catagen, telogen, respectively). As the follicle enters catagen, the cells of the lower, cycling portion undergo a process of controlled cell death (apoptosis). Understanding the mechanism of apoptosis in the follicle should give insight into one of the control steps of(More)
Cystic fibrosis is a common lethal genetic disease caused by functional absence of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). Although a candidate disease for in utero gene therapy, demonstration of potentially therapeutic levels of transgene expression in the fetal airways after minimally invasive gene delivery is a mandatory(More)