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Smoking cessation during pregnancy is often temporary; many women relapse postpartum. To develop strategies for supporting successful long-term smoking cessation, we conducted a qualitative study to explore the influence of couple interactions on women's tobacco reduction within the context of pregnancy and the postpartum period. A total of 28 women who(More)
OBJECTIVE This analysis was undertaken to determine the rates and determinants of smoking cessation during pregnancy and smoking relapse after childbirth in Canada. METHODS We used data from the Maternity Experiences Survey, a cross-sectional study of mothers who gave birth to a singleton baby in Canada in 2006. A total of 1586 mothers who smoked(More)
Tobacco use is a leading cause of death and of poor pregnancy outcome in many countries. While tobacco use is decreasing in many high-income countries, it is increasing in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where by the year 2030, 80% of deaths caused by tobacco use are expected to occur. In many LMICs, few women smoke tobacco, but strong(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective was to identify and describe elements of power and control evident in couple tobacco-related interaction patterns during pregnancy. METHODS Using a case study approach, elements of the Duluth Abuse Intervention Project Power and Control Wheel were used to examine women's experiences of tobacco reduction during pregnancy and post(More)
For three decades, Canadian and international researchers have been suggesting that improving population and public health requires attention to a range of determinants and factors and that concerted and coordinated action on the part of non-health ministries and organizations might be necessary to achieve this goal. Suggestions have been made for(More)
This article assesses the effects of comprehensive tobacco control policies on diverse subpopulations of girls and women who are at increased vulnerability to tobacco use because of disadvantage. The authors report on a recent assessment of experimental literature examining tobacco taxation; smoking location restrictions in public and private spaces; and(More)
This article reflects on a multidisciplinary workshop addressing the evidence pertaining to tobacco use, sex, gender, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In preparation, a literature review was conducted that examined the academic and gray literature on tobacco, COPD, and gender and women, with a view to assessing if and how these literatures(More)
Much work has been done to promote sex and gender-based analyses in health research and to think critically about the influence of sex and gender on health behaviours and outcomes. However, despite this increased attention on sex and gender, there remain obstacles to effectively applying and measuring these concepts in health research. Some health(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyse evidence on the effectiveness of intensive NHS treatments for smoking cessation in helping smokers to quit. METHODS A systematic review of studies published between 1990 and 2007. Electronic databases were searched for published studies. Unpublished reports were identified from the national research register and experts. RESULTS(More)
To further understand men's continued smoking during their partner's pregnancy and the postpartum period, a study was undertaken to explore women's perspectives of men's smoking. Using a gender lens, a thematic analysis of transcribed interviews with 27 women was completed. Women's constructions of men's smoking and linkages to masculine and feminine ideals(More)