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BACKGROUND The incidence of congestive heart failure (CHF) has been increasing steadily in the United States during the past 2 decades. We studied risk factors for CHF and their corresponding attributable risk in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS A total of 13 643 men and(More)
Alcohol drinking has been associated with increased blood pressure in epidemiological studies. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to assess the effects of alcohol reduction on blood pressure. We included 15 randomized control trials (total of 2234 participants) published before June 1999 in which alcohol reduction was the only(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies report inconsistent findings on the association of fruit and vegetable intake with the risk of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE The objective was to examine the relation between fruit and vegetable intake and the risk of cardiovascular disease. DESIGN We studied 9608 adults aged 25-74 y participating in the first(More)
Despite increasing need to remediate beryllium-contaminated buildings in industry, little is known about the magnitude of risk associated with beryllium abatement or the merits of beryllium medical surveillance for cleanup workers. We examined beryllium lymphocyte proliferation tests and reviewed medical evaluations on workers at a nuclear weapons facility(More)
OBJECTIVES The intent of this study was to evaluate whether small changes in diet and physical activity, as promoted by the America on the Move initiative, could prevent excessive weight gain in overweight children. METHODS In this family-intervention study, the America on the Move small-changes approach for weight-gain prevention was evaluated in(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of obesity in the United States has increased dramatically. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine trends in carbohydrate, fat, and protein intakes in adults and their association with energy intake by using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)-a representative sample of the US(More)
OBJECTIVE Heat shock protein 70 (HSP-70) is protective against cellular and tissue injury. Increased serum HSP-70 levels are associated with decreased mortality in trauma patients. Glutamine (Gln) administration increases serum and tissue HSP-70 expression in experimental models of sepsis. Gln has been safely administered to critically ill patients and can(More)
The National Weight Control Registry (NWCR) is the largest ongoing study of individuals successful at maintaining weight loss; the registry enrolls individuals maintaining a weight loss of at least 13.6 kg (30 lb) for a minimum of 1 year. The current report uses multivariate latent class cluster analysis to identify unique clusters of individuals within the(More)
BACKGROUND Soybean protein and dietary fiber supplementation reduce serum cholesterol in randomized controlled trials. Consumption of legumes, which are high in bean protein and water-soluble fiber, may be associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS A total of 9632 men and women who participated in the First National Health and(More)
The consumption of pomegranate juice (PJ), a rich source of antioxidant polyphenols, has grown tremendously due to its reported health benefits. Pomegranate extracts, which incorporate the major antioxidants found in pomegranates, namely, ellagitannins, have been developed as botanical dietary supplements to provide an alternative convenient form for(More)