Lorraine E. Levitt Katz

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Octreotide, a long-acting analog of somatostatin that inhibits insulin release, has the potential to control hypoglycemia in infants with congenital hyperinsulinism. To examine the efficacy and side effects of octreotide, we evaluated therapy between 1988 and 1993 in 16 infants who did not respond to diazoxide. In nine patients with onset of severe(More)
BACKGROUND Children with new onset diabetes (n = 175) were evaluated over 12-months. Patients were presumptively diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (n = 26) based on obesity, a relative with T2DM, the ability to wean from insulin, and absence of glutamic acid decarboxylase-65 (GAD-65) antibodies. We hypothesized that markers of insulinization at(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Although the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) mandates that periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) be scored on every polysomnogram, and considers a periodic limb movement index (PLMI) > 5/h abnormal in children, there is a lack of community-derived data regarding the prevalence of PLMS in children, and no data to support this(More)
Familial leucine-sensitive hypoglycemia of infancy was described in 1956 as a condition in which symptomatic hypoglycemia was provoked by protein meals or the amino acid, leucine. The purpose of this study was to determine the genetic basis for hypoglycemia in a family diagnosed with leucine-sensitive hypoglycemia in 1960. Recently diagnosed family members(More)
The IGFBP proteases were first described in pregnancy serum as a proteolytic activity against IGFBP-3. Since then, IGFBP proteases have been described in many other clinical situations, in various body fluids, and have been shown to cleave IGFBP-2 to -6 with varying specificity. The molecular nature of some of these proteases is being unraveled and three(More)
Congenital hyperinsulinism (HI) is the most common cause of persistent hypoglycemia in infants under 1 yr of age. HI is most often due to defective glucose-insulin coupling by the beta-cell sulfonylurea receptor (SUR1) or glutamate dehydrogenase. HI-induced hypoglycemia carries significant morbidity, and current therapies are suboptimal. Insulin-like growth(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) gene transcription is known to be inhibited by insulin in vivo and in vitro. Levels of IGFBP-1 typically rise during fasting but also rise after acute hypoglycemia, including that induced by insulin, through an unknown mechanism that may involve counterregulatory hormones such as cortisol. To(More)
OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that most patients with 22q11.2 deletion and a history of hypocalcemia have inadequate parathyroid function, manifested by intact parathyroid hormone levels below normal. We aimed to evaluate intact parathyroid hormone levels both during normocalcemia and at hypocalcemia, in this population. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective chart(More)
We have previously demonstrated that IGF-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) levels rise steadily during fasting, following an inverse relationship with insulin. The function of the IGFBP-1 rise is unknown, but it has been hypothesized that IGFBP-1 serves as a glucose counterregulatory hormone during fasting and hypoglycemia by binding free IGFs, thus inhibiting(More)
The IGFs are mitogenic agents which are closely linked to regulatory processes in carbohydrate metabolism. Because limited information is available on the occurrence of the IGF system in the pancreatic beta-cell milieu, we evaluated the presence of IGFs, IGF receptors, and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) in the beta-cell lines beta TC3 and HIT T-15.(More)