Lorraine Braun

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Twelve to fourteen integral proteins were found to reside in the Type I peritrophic matrix (PM) of Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm) larvae. Several methods were employed, including de novo peptide sequencing, the generation of a midgut-specific EST database and immunological screening, which led to the isolation of cDNAs encoding two integral PM(More)
Stable expression of a transgene may lead to increased fitness for wild plants after acquiring the transgene via crop-weed hybridization. Here, we investigate the stability of Bt toxin content in wild Brassica rapa acquiring the Bt gene from Bt Brassica napus. The Bt toxin content in nine Bt-expressing B. napus lines was 0.80-1.70 micro g/g leaf tissue(More)
Increasing the efficacy of targeted cancer therapies requires the identification of robust biomarkers suitable for patient stratification. This study focused on the identification of molecular mechanisms causing resistance against the anti-ERBB2-directed therapeutic antibodies trastuzumab and pertuzumab presently used to treat patients with ERBB2-amplified(More)
Release of transgenic insect-resistant crops creates the potential not only for the insect pest to evolve resistance but for the escape of transgenes that may confer novel or enhanced fitness-related traits through hybridization with their wild relatives. The differential response of diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) populations in eastern and western(More)
The activities of digestive protease within the midgut of Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm) larvae were examined using specific substrates and protease inhibitors. The bulk of the activity was associated with serine proteases comprising trypsin-, chymotrypsin-, and elastase-like enzymes. At least 10-15 serine protease isozymes were detected using(More)
We show that differential localization and/or activation of two cysteine protease activities occur at the onset of dipteran midgut metamorphosis. A 26 kDa cysteine protease activity was associated specifically with midgut tissues of late third instar larvae. Starvation of mid third instar larvae simulated the onset of prepupation and resulted in loss of the(More)
Epithelial tissue wholemounts were produced after enzymatic removal of basal lamina and connective tissue from midguts of Trichoplusia ni larvae. Wholemounts were nourished in artificial hemolymph and tissue viability was assessed for up to 24 hr using the vital dyes trypan blue, acridine orange (AO), propidium iodide (PI), and 4',(More)
A screen of a Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm) midgut cDNA library identified three types of cDNA clones that resemble the Manduca sexta serpin-1 gene family. Two serpins, 1b and 1c, possess a common conserved serpin amino terminal scaffold domain but bear no similarity to any members of the M. sexta gene family within the reactive centre loop. These(More)
Transgenes from transgenic oilseed rape, Brassica napus (AACC genome), can introgress into populations of wild B. rapa (AA genome), but little is known about the long-term persistence of transgenes from different transformation events. For example, transgenes that are located on the crop's C chromosomes may be lost during the process of introgression. We(More)
The activity state of a gene is determined by a complex regulatory network of co-acting factors affecting the structure of the chromatin into which the gene is embedded. While significant changes of the transcriptome occur during cell differentiation in apicomplexan parasites, basic mechanisms controlling gene expression are still unknown. Recent studies(More)