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Since the relationships between pulmonary function, exercise capacity, and functional state or quality of life are generally weak, a self report questionnaire has been developed to determine the effect of treatment on quality of life in clinical trials. One hundred patients with chronic airflow limitation were asked how their quality of life was affected by(More)
The leukocyte function-associated molecule 1 (LFA-1, CD11a/CD18) is a membrane glycoprotein which functions in cell-cell adhesion by heterophilic interaction with intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1). LFA-1 consists of an alpha subunit (Mr = 180,000) and a beta subunit (Mr = 95,000). We report the molecular biology and protein sequence of the alpha(More)
Many controlled trials rely on subjective measures of symptoms or quality of life as primary outcomes. The relative merits of different response options for these measures is an important, but largely unexplored, issue. Therefore, we compared the responsiveness of seven-point Likert vs visual analogue scales (VAS) in a questionnaire measuring quality of(More)
A reliable predictor of benefit from corticosteroid treatment in patients with chronic airflow limitation is needed. In a single-blind, sequential crossover trial of placebo and prednisone (30 mg/day) treatment, with each given for 2 wk, we investigated whether an increased proportion of sputum eosinophils (>= 3%) predicts a beneficial effect of prednisone(More)
Cycle and treadmill exercise tests are unsuitable for elderly, frail and severely limited patients with heart failure and may not reflect capacity to undertake day-to-day activities. Walking tests have proved useful as measures of outcome for patients with chronic lung disease. To investigate the potential value of the 6-minute walk as an objective measure(More)
The human CR1 was genetically engineered by site directed mutagenesis into a truncated form which was secreted from transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells. This soluble recombinant CR1 (sCR1) was purified from the supernatants of the Chinese hamster ovary cells cultured in a hollow fiber bioreactor. sCR1 inhibits the C3 and C5 convertases of the classical(More)