Lorne M. Mendell

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Mechanisms underlying the hyperalgesia induced by a single systemic injection of nerve growth factor (NGF) in adult rats were studied in vivo. A single dose of NGF initiated a prolonged thermal hyperalgesia to a radiant heat source within minutes that lasted for days. Animals which had been pretreated with the mast cell degranulating compound 48/80 or(More)
Recently, we have shown that the interaction between NGF and sensory neurons in early postnatal periods is restricted to nociceptive afferents (Ritter et al., 1991; Lewin et al., 1992a; Ritter and Mendell, 1992). Here we show that administration of excess NGF to neonatal or mature animals can lead to a profound behavioral hyperalgesia. Neonatal NGF(More)
Sixty per cent of the cells in the spinocervical tract responding monosynaptically to stimulation of peripheral myelinated fibers were found to respond also to stimulation of peripheral unmyelinated fibers. The length of discharge produced by unmyelinated fiber stimulation unlike that produced by myelinated fiber stimulation increased with each subsequent(More)
Three physiologically characterized spindle (group Ia) afferents were labeled by the intracellular injection of HRP and were processed for light-level reconstruction. Thirty-five boutons in the ventral horn were then selected for analysis. They were serially thin sectioned and characterized in terms of volume, total surface area and the surface area of(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is thought of as a target-derived factor responsible for the survival and maintaining the phenotype of specific sets of peripheral and central neurons during development and maturation. Recently, using physiological techniques, we have shown that specific functional types of nociceptive sensory neurons require NGF, first for(More)
1. Intracellular recordings were made in the somata of dorsal root ganglion cells in the L7 or S1 DRG in cats anesthetized with alpha-chloralose. The properties of the action potentials (amplitude, duration, peak rate of rise), duration of afterhyperpolarization (AHP), magnitude of inward rectification, and axonal conduction velocity were measured. The(More)
1. Intracellular recordings were made in situ from physiologically identified dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells in untreated rats aged 5-8 wk and in rats treated from birth to 5 wk of age with nerve growth factor (NGF) or antisera against NGF (anti-NGF). 2. As demonstrated in cats, the shape of the somal action potential (AP) of DRG cells of normal rats is(More)
We investigated acute sensitization by nerve growth factor (NGF) of the response of small-diameter (<30 microm) dissociated dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells to brief repeated puffs of capsaicin as a model for thermal hyperalgesia induced by NGF. We have previously shown that placing NGF in the bath after an initial puff of capsaicin can completely overcome(More)
Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) is a neurotrophic factor required for survival of muscle spindle afferents during prenatal development. It also acts postsynaptically to enhance the monosynaptic excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) produced by these fibers in motoneurons when applied over a period of weeks to the axotomized muscle nerve in adult cats. Similar(More)