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1. Intracellular recordings were made in the somata of dorsal root ganglion cells in the L7 or S1 DRG in cats anesthetized with alpha-chloralose. The properties of the action potentials (amplitude, duration, peak rate of rise), duration of afterhyperpolarization (AHP), magnitude of inward rectification, and axonal conduction velocity were measured. The(More)
Three physiologically characterized spindle (group Ia) afferents were labeled by the intracellular injection of HRP and were processed for light-level reconstruction. Thirty-five boutons in the ventral horn were then selected for analysis. They were serially thin sectioned and characterized in terms of volume, total surface area and the surface area of(More)
1. Intracellular recordings were made in situ from physiologically identified dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells in untreated rats aged 5-8 wk and in rats treated from birth to 5 wk of age with nerve growth factor (NGF) or antisera against NGF (anti-NGF). 2. As demonstrated in cats, the shape of the somal action potential (AP) of DRG cells of normal rats is(More)
Mechanisms underlying the hyperalgesia induced by a single systemic injection of nerve growth factor (NGF) in adult rats were studied in vivo. A single dose of NGF initiated a prolonged thermal hyperalgesia to a radiant heat source within minutes that lasted for days. Animals which had been pretreated with the mast cell degranulating compound 48/80 or(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is up-regulated and released in the dorsal horn following peripheral inflammation and has therefore been implicated in spinal mechanisms of sensitization. Despite these observations, the mechanisms associated with such a role for BDNF are not yet fully determined. Here, we investigate the effect of BDNF on dorsal(More)
Recently, we have shown that the interaction between NGF and sensory neurons in early postnatal periods is restricted to nociceptive afferents (Ritter et al., 1991; Lewin et al., 1992a; Ritter and Mendell, 1992). Here we show that administration of excess NGF to neonatal or mature animals can lead to a profound behavioral hyperalgesia. Neonatal NGF(More)
We investigated acute sensitization by nerve growth factor (NGF) of the response of small-diameter (<30 microm) dissociated dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells to brief repeated puffs of capsaicin as a model for thermal hyperalgesia induced by NGF. We have previously shown that placing NGF in the bath after an initial puff of capsaicin can completely overcome(More)
1. The isolated neonatal rat spinal chord preparation was used to investigate the development of segmental afferent input to lumbar motoneourons during the first nine postnatal days. Motoneurons, identified with the use of antidromic stimulation of the ventral roots, were characterized electrophysiologically, and their synaptic input in response to(More)
1. Previous work has indicated that nerve growth factor (NGF) is an important factor for the development of nociceptive A-delta fibers. Here we asked if the availability of NGF during the first 2 wk of development can influence the phenotypic development of unmyelinated afferent C-fibers. 2. To do this, we treated newborn rats with antibodies to NGF from(More)