Lorna Elliott

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  • Lorna Elliott
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1979
Performance of children aged 9 to 17 years on the SPIN test (Speech Perception in Noise) is described. The 11- and 13-year-olds performed significantly poorer than 15- and 17-year-olds, and this difference occurred primarily for high-predictability sentences presented at a O-dB signal-to-babble ratio. Performance of nine-year-olds was significantly poorer(More)
A four-alternative, forced choice adaptive procedure was used to measure the lowest intensity at which children could identify monosyllabic nouns that had been standardized to be understandable (at comfortable listening levels) to inner city, 3-year-old children. Results showed no age-related performance changes when the words were presented against a(More)
Ability to utilize auditory contextual information to facilitate speech-recognition verbal auditory closure is postulated to be a specific factor or primary mental ability, separable from general intelligence or other mental functions. This paper proposes that measurement of verbal auditory closure provides useful clinical information. Because the Speech(More)
Two groups of children--one progressing normally in school and the other exhibiting language-learning problems--were tested in each of 3 years on a set of fine-grained auditory discrimination tasks that required listening for small acoustic differences. Children's ages ranged from 6 to 9 years; there were 21 children per group. The children with(More)
In a longitudinal study of attachment, children (N = 147) aged 50 and 61 months heard their mother and a stranger make conflicting claims. In 2 tasks, the available perceptual cues were equally consistent with either person's claim but children generally accepted the mother's claims over those of the stranger. In a 3rd task, the perceptual cues favored the(More)
Two large groups of children--one progressing normally in school and the other exhibiting language-learning problems--were tested on a set of fine-grained auditory discrimination tasks that required responding to small acoustic differences. Discriminant analysis procedures, using only results for the auditory tasks, correctly classified nearly 80% of the 6-(More)
  • Lorna Elliott
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1986
A previous experiment demonstrated age-related differences in voice-onset-time (VOT) discrimination when an adaptive procedure was used and trials were concentrated among pairs of stimuli that were discriminated 50% of the time. The major purpose of this experiment was to determine whether the same types of age effects would be replicated for new groups of(More)
A three-alternative, forced-choice adaptive procedure, with suitable reinforcement, is appropriate for testing auditory sensitivity in young children. Data obtained using this rigidly specified test protocol support previous findings of reduced auditory sensitivity in young children.
  • Lorna Elliott
  • Audiology : official organ of the International…
  • 1975
Relatively few experimental investigations have studied backward or forward masking, masking level differences, or differential frequency effects in simultaneous masking among persons with hearing impairment. This is regrettable since such efforts may lead to important new understandings of auditory processes. This paper reviews available data, discusses(More)