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OBJECTIVES We assessed the extent of exposure to lead, cadmium, and mercury in the New York City (NYC) adult population. METHODS We measured blood metal concentrations in a representative sample of 1,811 NYC residents as part of the NYC Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2004. RESULTS The geometric mean blood mercury concentration was 2.73(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared the prevalence and risk factors of current probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) across different occupations involved in rescue/recovery work at the World Trade Center site. METHOD Rescue and recovery workers enrolled in the World Trade Center Health Registry who reported working at the World Trade Center site(More)
BACKGROUND Latvia has one of the highest rates of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB). Our aim was to assess treatment outcomes for the first full cohort of MDRTB patients treated under Latvia's DOTS-Plus strategy following WHO guidelines. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed all civilian patients who began treatment with individualised treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have consistently documented declines in respiratory health after 11 September 2001 (9/11) among surviving first responders and other World Trade Center (WTC) rescue, recovery, and clean-up workers. OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to describe the risk of newly diagnosed asthma among WTC site workers and volunteers and to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of the September 11, 2001, World Trade Center attacks on birth outcomes. METHODS Live singleton births between September 11, 2001, and October 31, 2002, to women enrolled in a World Trade Center Health Registry (the Registry, n=446) were compared with births to women residing more than 5 miles from the World Trade Center(More)
Prospective, multiyear epidemiologic studies have proven to be highly effective in discovering preventable risk factors for chronic disease. Investigations such as the Framingham Heart Study have produced blueprints for disease prevention and saved millions of lives and billions of dollars. To discover preventable environmental risk factors for disease in(More)
The prevalence, risk factors, and prevention opportunities of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection were studied in a large sample of 698 young adult injection drug users (IDUs) in Chicago, 18-30 years old. Participants were recruited between 1997 and 1999 by using street outreach, targeted advertising, and chain-referral methods. HCV infection prevalence was(More)
CONTEXT The World Trade Center Health Registry provides a unique opportunity to examine long-term health effects of a large-scale disaster. OBJECTIVE To examine risk factors for new asthma diagnoses and event-related posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms among exposed adults 5 to 6 years following exposure to the September 11, 2001, World Trade Center (WTC)(More)
PROBLEM/CONDITION Survivors of collapsed or damaged buildings from the attack on the World Trade Center (WTC) were among those most exposed to injury hazards, air pollution, and traumatic events. REPORTING PERIOD This report summarizes data from health outcomes collected during interviews conducted from September 5, 2003, to the close of the World Trade(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assessed the prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder among New York City adults. METHODS As part of the first community-specific Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the United States, depression and anxiety were assessed in a representative sample of 1,817(More)