Lorna Ann Casselton

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We have developed a simple and efficient transformation system for the agaric fungus, Coprinus cinereus. Protoplasts were prepared from asexual spores that harbor one or two mutations in the structural gene for tryptophan synthetase. The protoplasts can be stably transformed using the cloned Coprinus gene at a frequency of 1 in 10(4) viable protoplasts. A(More)
The recognition of compatible mating partners in the basidiomycete fungi requires the coordinated activities of two gene complexes defined as the mating-type genes. One complex encodes members of the homeobox family of transcription factors, which heterodimerize on mating to generate an active transcription regulator. The other complex encodes peptide(More)
Finding a compatible mating partner is an essential step in the life cycle of most sexually reproducing organisms. Fungi have two or more mating types, and only cells of different mating type combine to produce diploid cells. In mushrooms, this is taken to extremes, with the occurrence of many thousands of mating types. But, having gone to such(More)
In the mushroom Coprinus cinereus, the multiallelic B mating type genes are predicted to encode a large family of seven-transmembrane domain receptors and CaaX-modified pheromones. We have shown that a single amino acid change Q229P in transmembrane domain VI of one receptor confers a self-compatible mating phenotype. Using a heterologous yeast assay, we(More)
The mushroom Coprinopsis cinerea is a classic experimental model for multicellular development in fungi because it grows on defined media, completes its life cycle in 2 weeks, produces some 10(8) synchronized meiocytes, and can be manipulated at all stages in development by mutation and transformation. The 37-megabase genome of C. cinerea was sequenced and(More)
The B mating type locus of the basidiomycete Coprinus cinereus encodes a large family of lipopeptide pheromones and their seven transmembrane domain receptors. Here we show that the B42 locus, like the previously described B6 locus, derives its unique specificity from nine multiallelic genes that are organized into three subgroups each comprising a receptor(More)
Pheromone signaling plays an essential role in the mating and sexual development of mushroom fungi. Multiallelic genes encoding the peptide pheromones and their cognate 7-transmembrane helix (7-TM) receptors are sequestered in the B mating type locus. Here we describe the isolation of the B6 mating type locus of Coprinus cinereus. DNA sequencing and(More)
The A mating type locus of the mushroom Coprinus cinereus regulates essential steps in sexual development. The locus is complex and contains several functionally redundant, multiallelic genes that encode putative transcription factors. Here, we compare four genes from an A locus designated A42. Overall, the DNA sequences are very different (approximately(More)
The pAN7.1 plasmid containing the E. coli hygromycin B phosphotransferase gene was used to transform protoplasts of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Hebeloma cylindrosporum. Hygromycin-resistant transformants were selected at a frequency of one to five per μg of transforming DNA. Southern blot analyses revealed multiple copy integration of the transforming(More)
The A mating-type locus of the mushroom Coprinus cinereus contains three or more paralogous pairs of genes encoding two families of homeodomain proteins (HD1 and HD2). A successful mating brings together different allelic forms of at least one gene, and this is sufficient to trigger initial steps in sexual development. Previous studies have suggested that(More)