Lorinda Frylinck

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Forty-eight Bonsmara steers were assigned to three treatment groups and one control group consisting of 12 animals each. The control (C) received no β-agonist, while the three treatment groups received zilpaterol (6ppm) (Z), ractopamine (30ppm) (R) or clenbuterol (2ppm) (Cl) for the last thirty days on feed. Growth performance (final 30 days), USDA quality(More)
This experiment was designed to show whether delayed high voltage stimulation (ES) is more beneficial than no stimulation (NS) to secure tenderness under circumstances where rigor conditions are difficult to control due to variations in carcass size, fatness and/or chilling capacity. Ten Charolais carcasses were split during slaughter, the left sides were(More)
In this study, 20 young steers received no beta-agonist (C), 100 animals all received zilpaterol hydrochloride (Z), with 1 group only receiving Z while the other 4 groups received zilpaterol and vitamin D3 at the following levels (IU/animal/day) and durations before slaughter: 7 million for 3 days (3D7M); 7 million for 6 days (6D7M); 7 million for 6 days(More)
BACKGROUND Baseline research on the toughness of Egyptian goose meat is required. This study therefore investigates the post mortem pH and temperature decline (15 min-4 h 15 min post mortem) in the pectoralis muscle (breast portion) of this gamebird species. It also explores the enzyme activity of the Ca(2+)-dependent protease (calpain system) and the(More)
Cattle breeds indigenous to Africa (Sanga) compare favourably to Bos indicus breeds with regard to adaptation to harsh environments. This study compared the meat quality of three Sanga breeds (Nguni, Tuli and Drakensberger), a Sanga-related breed (Bonsmara) and a B. indicus breed (Brahman) and supported these results with biochemical and histological(More)
Sex, age and pre-slaughter conditioning effects on pH, temperature, colour and tenderness properties of M. semimembranosus (SM) of indigenous South African goats were investigated. Sex and age had no significant effect on pH. However, female goat carcasses cooled significantly slower than those of intact males. The carcasses of 2-teeth goats had the slowest(More)
Post-slaughter muscle energy metabolism meat colour of South African production systems were compared; steers (n=182) of Nguni, Simmental Brahman crossbreds were reared on pasture until A-, AB-, or B-age, in feedlot until A-AB-age. After exsanguination carcasses were electrically stimulated (400 V for 15 s). M. longissimus dorsi muscle energy samples were(More)
In this study, 10 young steers received no beta agonist (C), 50 animals all received zilpaterol hydrochloride (Z), with 1 group receiving Z while the other 4 groups received Z and vitamin D(3) at the following levels (IU/animal /day) and durations before slaughter: 7 million for 3 days (3D7M) or 6 days (6D7M), 7 million for 6 days with 7 days no(More)
A calcium-dependent protein kinase (PK-III), not requiring calmodulin for activity, was purified from extracts of ripening mango fruit tissue. Purification was achieved by ammonium sulfate fractionation and sequential anion exchange-, hydrophobic interaction-, dye ligand affinity- and gel filtration chromatography; which allowed a recovery of 1-5% of the(More)
Beta agonists used as growth enhancers are known to affect the aging potential of beef muscle negatively. On the other hand, procedures like electrical stimulation could accelerate rigor and the aging process. In this study, 20 out of 40 young steers received no beta agonist (C), the remaining twenty steers received a beta agonist (zilpaterol hydrochloride)(More)